spu_create (2) - Linux Man Pages
spu_create: create a new spu context
NAMEspu_create - create a new spu context
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/spu.h> int spu_create(const char *pathname, int flags, mode_t mode); int spu_create(const char *pathname, int flags, mode_t mode, int neighbor_fd);
DESCRIPTIONThe spu_create() system call is used on PowerPC machines that implement the Cell Broadband Engine Architecture in order to access Synergistic Processor Units (SPUs). It creates a new logical context for an SPU in pathname and returns a file descriptor associated with it. pathname must refer to a nonexistent directory in the mount point of the SPU filesystem (spufs). If spu_create() is successful, a directory is created at pathname and it is populated with the files described in spufs(7).
When a context is created, the returned file descriptor can only be passed to spu_run(2), used as the dirfd argument to the *at family of system calls (e.g., openat(2)), or closed; other operations are not defined. A logical SPU context is destroyed (along with all files created within the context's pathname directory) once the last reference to the context has gone; this usually occurs when the file descriptor returned by spu_create() is closed.
The flags argument can be zero or any bitwise OR-ed combination of the following constants:
- Rather than using signals for reporting DMA errors, use the event argument to spu_run(2).
- Create an SPU gang instead of a context. (A gang is a group of SPU contexts that are functionally related to each other and which share common scheduling parameters---priority and policy. In the future, gang scheduling may be implemented causing the group to be switched in and out as a single unit.)
- A new directory will be created at the location specified by the pathname argument. This gang may be used to hold other SPU contexts, by providing a pathname that is within the gang directory to further calls to spu_create().
- Create a context that is not affected by the SPU scheduler. Once the context is run, it will not be scheduled out until it is destroyed by the creating process.
- Because the context cannot be removed from the SPU, some functionality is disabled for SPU_CREATE_NOSCHED contexts. Only a subset of the files will be available in this context directory in spufs. Additionally, SPU_CREATE_NOSCHED contexts cannot dump a core file when crashing.
- Creating SPU_CREATE_NOSCHED contexts requires the CAP_SYS_NICE capability.
- Create an isolated SPU context. Isolated contexts are protected from some PPE (PowerPC Processing Element) operations, such as access to the SPU local store and the NPC register.
- Creating SPU_CREATE_ISOLATE contexts also requires the SPU_CREATE_NOSCHED flag.
- Create a context with affinity to another SPU context. This affinity information is used within the SPU scheduling algorithm. Using this flag requires that a file descriptor referring to the other SPU context be passed in the neighbor_fd argument.
- Create a context with affinity to system memory. This affinity information is used within the SPU scheduling algorithm.
RETURN VALUEOn success, spu_create() returns a new file descriptor. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to one of the error codes listed below.
- The current user does not have write access to the spufs(7) mount point.
- An SPU context already exists at the given pathname.
- pathname is not a valid string pointer in the calling process's address space.
- pathname is not a directory in the spufs(7) mount point, or invalid flags have been provided.
- Too many symbolic links were found while resolving pathname.
- The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has been reached.
- pathname is too long.
- The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been reached.
- An isolated context was requested, but the hardware does not support SPU isolation.
- Part of pathname could not be resolved.
- The kernel could not allocate all resources required.
- There are not enough SPU resources available to create a new context or the user-specific limit for the number of SPU contexts has been reached.
- The functionality is not provided by the current system, because either the hardware does not provide SPUs or the spufs module is not loaded.
- A part of pathname is not a directory.
- The SPU_CREATE_NOSCHED flag has been given, but the user does not have the CAP_SYS_NICE capability.
FILESpathname must point to a location beneath the mount point of spufs. By convention, it gets mounted in /spu.
VERSIONSThe spu_create() system call was added to Linux in kernel 2.6.16.
CONFORMING TOThis call is Linux-specific and implemented only on the PowerPC architecture. Programs using this system call are not portable.
NOTESGlibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using syscall(2). Note however, that spu_create() is meant to be used from libraries that implement a more abstract interface to SPUs, not to be used from regular applications. See for the recommended libraries.
EXAMPLESee spu_run(2) for an example of the use of spu_create()
SEE ALSOclose(2), spu_run(2), capabilities(7), spufs(7)
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