acos (3) - Linux Man Pages

acos: arc cosine function

NAME

acos, acosf, acosl - arc cosine function

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double acos(double x);
float acosf(float x);
long double acosl(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

acosf(), acosl():

_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
    || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
    || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

These functions calculate the arc cosine of x; that is the value whose cosine is x.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the arc cosine of x in radians; the return value is in the range [0, pi].

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +1, +0 is returned.

If x is positive infinity or negative infinity, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If x is outside the range [-1, 1], a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is outside the range [-1, 1]
errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
InterfaceAttributeValue
acos(), acosf(), acosl() Thread safetyMT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

COLOPHON

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SEE ALSO

asin(3), atan(3), atan2(3), cacos(3), cos(3), sin(3), tan(3)