zgges (3)  Linux Manuals
NAME
zgges.f 
SYNOPSIS
Functions/Subroutines
subroutine zgges (JOBVSL, JOBVSR, SORT, SELCTG, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, SDIM, ALPHA, BETA, VSL, LDVSL, VSR, LDVSR, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, BWORK, INFO)
ZGGES computes the eigenvalues, the Schur form, and, optionally, the matrix of Schur vectors for GE matrices
Function/Subroutine Documentation
subroutine zgges (characterJOBVSL, characterJOBVSR, characterSORT, logical, externalSELCTG, integerN, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, integerSDIM, complex*16, dimension( * )ALPHA, complex*16, dimension( * )BETA, complex*16, dimension( ldvsl, * )VSL, integerLDVSL, complex*16, dimension( ldvsr, * )VSR, integerLDVSR, complex*16, dimension( * )WORK, integerLWORK, double precision, dimension( * )RWORK, logical, dimension( * )BWORK, integerINFO)
ZGGES computes the eigenvalues, the Schur form, and, optionally, the matrix of Schur vectors for GE matrices
Purpose:

ZGGES computes for a pair of NbyN complex nonsymmetric matrices (A,B), the generalized eigenvalues, the generalized complex Schur form (S, T), and optionally left and/or right Schur vectors (VSL and VSR). This gives the generalized Schur factorization (A,B) = ( (VSL)*S*(VSR)**H, (VSL)*T*(VSR)**H ) where (VSR)**H is the conjugatetranspose of VSR. Optionally, it also orders the eigenvalues so that a selected cluster of eigenvalues appears in the leading diagonal blocks of the upper triangular matrix S and the upper triangular matrix T. The leading columns of VSL and VSR then form an unitary basis for the corresponding left and right eigenspaces (deflating subspaces). (If only the generalized eigenvalues are needed, use the driver ZGGEV instead, which is faster.) A generalized eigenvalue for a pair of matrices (A,B) is a scalar w or a ratio alpha/beta = w, such that A  w*B is singular. It is usually represented as the pair (alpha,beta), as there is a reasonable interpretation for beta=0, and even for both being zero. A pair of matrices (S,T) is in generalized complex Schur form if S and T are upper triangular and, in addition, the diagonal elements of T are nonnegative real numbers.
Parameters:

JOBVSL
JOBVSL is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the left Schur vectors; = 'V': compute the left Schur vectors.
JOBVSRJOBVSR is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the right Schur vectors; = 'V': compute the right Schur vectors.
SORTSORT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not to order the eigenvalues on the diagonal of the generalized Schur form. = 'N': Eigenvalues are not ordered; = 'S': Eigenvalues are ordered (see SELCTG).
SELCTGSELCTG is a LOGICAL FUNCTION of two COMPLEX*16 arguments SELCTG must be declared EXTERNAL in the calling subroutine. If SORT = 'N', SELCTG is not referenced. If SORT = 'S', SELCTG is used to select eigenvalues to sort to the top left of the Schur form. An eigenvalue ALPHA(j)/BETA(j) is selected if SELCTG(ALPHA(j),BETA(j)) is true. Note that a selected complex eigenvalue may no longer satisfy SELCTG(ALPHA(j),BETA(j)) = .TRUE. after ordering, since ordering may change the value of complex eigenvalues (especially if the eigenvalue is illconditioned), in this case INFO is set to N+2 (See INFO below).
NN is INTEGER The order of the matrices A, B, VSL, and VSR. N >= 0.
AA is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the first of the pair of matrices. On exit, A has been overwritten by its generalized Schur form S.
LDALDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of A. LDA >= max(1,N).
BB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the second of the pair of matrices. On exit, B has been overwritten by its generalized Schur form T.
LDBLDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of B. LDB >= max(1,N).
SDIMSDIM is INTEGER If SORT = 'N', SDIM = 0. If SORT = 'S', SDIM = number of eigenvalues (after sorting) for which SELCTG is true.
ALPHAALPHA is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
BETABETA is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N) On exit, ALPHA(j)/BETA(j), j=1,...,N, will be the generalized eigenvalues. ALPHA(j), j=1,...,N and BETA(j), j=1,...,N are the diagonals of the complex Schur form (A,B) output by ZGGES. The BETA(j) will be nonnegative real. Note: the quotients ALPHA(j)/BETA(j) may easily over or underflow, and BETA(j) may even be zero. Thus, the user should avoid naively computing the ratio alpha/beta. However, ALPHA will be always less than and usually comparable with norm(A) in magnitude, and BETA always less than and usually comparable with norm(B).
VSLVSL is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDVSL,N) If JOBVSL = 'V', VSL will contain the left Schur vectors. Not referenced if JOBVSL = 'N'.
LDVSLLDVSL is INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VSL. LDVSL >= 1, and if JOBVSL = 'V', LDVSL >= N.
VSRVSR is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDVSR,N) If JOBVSR = 'V', VSR will contain the right Schur vectors. Not referenced if JOBVSR = 'N'.
LDVSRLDVSR is INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VSR. LDVSR >= 1, and if JOBVSR = 'V', LDVSR >= N.
WORKWORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
LWORKLWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N). For good performance, LWORK must generally be larger. If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
RWORKRWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (8*N)
BWORKBWORK is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) Not referenced if SORT = 'N'.
INFOINFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value. =1,...,N: The QZ iteration failed. (A,B) are not in Schur form, but ALPHA(j) and BETA(j) should be correct for j=INFO+1,...,N. > N: =N+1: other than QZ iteration failed in ZHGEQZ =N+2: after reordering, roundoff changed values of some complex eigenvalues so that leading eigenvalues in the Generalized Schur form no longer satisfy SELCTG=.TRUE. This could also be caused due to scaling. =N+3: reordering falied in ZTGSEN.
Author:

Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Date:
 November 2011
Definition at line 269 of file zgges.f.
Author
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