create_operator (7) - Linux Man Pages

create_operator: define a new operator

NAME

CREATE OPERATOR - define a new operator

SYNOPSIS

CREATE OPERATOR name (
    PROCEDURE = funcname
    [, LEFTARG = lefttype ] [, RIGHTARG = righttype ]
    [, COMMUTATOR = com_op ] [, NEGATOR = neg_op ]
    [, RESTRICT = res_proc ] [, JOIN = join_proc ]
    [, HASHES ] [, MERGES ]
)

DESCRIPTION

CREATE OPERATOR defines a new operator, name. The user who defines an operator becomes its owner. If a schema name is given then the operator is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is created in the current schema.

The operator name is a sequence of up to NAMEDATALEN-1 (63 by default) characters from the following list:

+ - * / < > = ~ ! @ # % ^ & | ` ?
There are a few restrictions on your choice of name:
*
-- and /* cannot appear anywhere in an operator name, since they will be taken as the start of a comment.
*
A multicharacter operator name cannot end in + or -, unless the name also contains at least one of these characters:

~ ! @ # % ^ & | ` ?
For example, @- is an allowed operator name, but *- is not. This restriction allows PostgreSQL to parse SQL-compliant commands without requiring spaces between tokens.

The operator != is mapped to <> on input, so these two names are always equivalent.

At least one of LEFTARG and RIGHTARG must be defined. For binary operators, both must be defined. For right unary operators, only LEFTARG should be defined, while for left unary operators only RIGHTARG should be defined.

The funcname procedure must have been previously defined using CREATE FUNCTION and must be defined to accept the correct number of arguments (either one or two) of the indicated types.

The other clauses specify optional operator optimization clauses. Their meaning is detailed in in the documentation.

PARAMETERS

name
The name of the operator to be defined. See above for allowable characters. The name can be schema-qualified, for example CREATE OPERATOR myschema.+ (...). If not, then the operator is created in the current schema. Two operators in the same schema can have the same name if they operate on different data types. This is called overloading.
funcname
The function used to implement this operator.
lefttype
The data type of the operator's left operand, if any. This option would be omitted for a left-unary operator.
righttype
The data type of the operator's right operand, if any. This option would be omitted for a right-unary operator.
com_op
The commutator of this operator.
neg_op
The negator of this operator.
res_proc
The restriction selectivity estimator function for this operator.
join_proc
The join selectivity estimator function for this operator.
HASHES
Indicates this operator can support a hash join.
MERGES
Indicates this operator can support a merge join.

To give a schema-qualified operator name in com_op or the other optional arguments, use the OPERATOR() syntax, for example:

COMMUTATOR = OPERATOR(myschema.===) ,

NOTES

Refer to in the documentation for further information.

The obsolete options SORT1, SORT2, LTCMP, and GTCMP were formerly used to specify the names of sort operators associated with a merge-joinable operator. This is no longer necessary, since information about associated operators is found by looking at B-tree operator families instead. If one of these options is given, it is ignored except for implicitly setting MERGES true.

Use DROP OPERATOR [drop_operator(7)] to delete user-defined operators from a database. Use ALTER OPERATOR [alter_operator(7)] to modify operators in a database.

EXAMPLES

The following command defines a new operator, area-equality, for the data type box:

CREATE OPERATOR === (
    LEFTARG = box,
    RIGHTARG = box,
    PROCEDURE = area_equal_procedure,
    COMMUTATOR = ===,
    NEGATOR = !==,
    RESTRICT = area_restriction_procedure,
    JOIN = area_join_procedure,
    HASHES, MERGES
);

COMPATIBILITY

CREATE OPERATOR is a PostgreSQL extension. There are no provisions for user-defined operators in the SQL standard.

SEE ALSO

ALTER OPERATOR [alter_operator(7)], CREATE OPERATOR CLASS [create_operator_class(7)], DROP OPERATOR [drop_operator(7)]