poll.h (0p) - Linux Man Pages

poll.h: definitions for the poll() function

NAME

poll.h - definitions for the poll() function

SYNOPSIS

#include <poll.h>

DESCRIPTION

The <poll.h> header shall define the pollfd structure that includes at least the following members:

int    fd       The following descriptor being polled. 
short  events   The input event flags (see below). 
short  revents  The output event flags (see below). 

The <poll.h> header shall define the following type through typedef:

nfds_t
An unsigned integer type used for the number of file descriptors.

The implementation shall support one or more programming environments in which the width of nfds_t is no greater than the width of type long. The names of these programming environments can be obtained using the confstr() function or the getconf utility.

The following symbolic constants shall be defined, zero or more of which may be OR'ed together to form the events or revents members in the pollfd structure:

POLLIN
Data other than high-priority data may be read without blocking.
POLLRDNORM
Normal data may be read without blocking.
POLLRDBAND
Priority data may be read without blocking.
POLLPRI
High priority data may be read without blocking.
POLLOUT
Normal data may be written without blocking.
POLLWRNORM
Equivalent to POLLOUT.
POLLWRBAND
Priority data may be written.
POLLERR
An error has occurred ( revents only).
POLLHUP
Device has been disconnected ( revents only).
POLLNVAL
Invalid fd member ( revents only).

The significance and semantics of normal, priority, and high-priority data are file and device-specific.

The following shall be declared as a function and may also be defined as a macro. A function prototype shall be provided.

int   poll(struct pollfd[], nfds_t, int);

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

SEE ALSO

The System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, confstr(), poll(), the Shell and Utilities volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, getconf