semaphore (0p) - Linux Manuals

semaphore: semaphores


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.


semaphore.h --- semaphores


#include <semaphore.h>


The <semaphore.h> header shall define the sem_t type, used in performing semaphore operations. The semaphore may be implemented using a file descriptor, in which case applications are able to open up at least a total of {OPEN_MAX} files and semaphores.

The <semaphore.h> header shall define the symbolic constant SEM_FAILED which shall have type sem_t *.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

int    sem_close(sem_t *);
int    sem_destroy(sem_t *);
int    sem_getvalue(sem_t *restrict, int *restrict);
int    sem_init(sem_t *, int, unsigned);
sem_t *sem_open(const char *, int, ...);
int    sem_post(sem_t *);
int    sem_timedwait(sem_t *restrict, const struct timespec *restrict);
int    sem_trywait(sem_t *);
int    sem_unlink(const char *);
int    sem_wait(sem_t *);

Inclusion of the <semaphore.h> header may make visible symbols defined in the <fcntl.h> and <time.h> headers.

The following sections are informative.








Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see .


<fcntl.h>, <sys_types.h>, <time.h>

The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2008, sem_close(), sem_destroy(), sem_getvalue(), sem_init(), sem_open(), sem_post(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_unlink()