nvme-admin-passthru (1) - Linux Man Pages
nvme-admin-passthru: Submit an arbitrary admin command, return results
nvme-admin-passthru - Submit an arbitrary admin command, return results
nvme-admin-passthru <device> [--opcode=<opcode> | -o <opcode>] [--flags=<flags> | -f <flags>] [-rsvd=<rsvd> | -R <rsvd>] [--namespace-id=<nsid>] [--cdw2=<cdw2>] [--cdw3=<cdw3>] [--cdw10=<cdw10>] [--cdw11=<cdw11>] [--cdw12=<cdw12>] [--cdw13=<cdw13>] [--cdw14=<cdw14>] [--cdw15=<cdw15>] [--data-len=<data-len> | -l <data-len>] [--metadata-len=<len> | -m <len>] [--input-file=<file> | -f <file>] [--read | -r ] [--write | -w] [--timeout=<to> | -t <to>] [--show-command | --dry-run | -s] [--raw-binary | -b] [--prefill=<prefill> | -p <prefill>]
Submits an arbitrary NVMe admin command and returns the applicable results. This may be the simply the commands result and status, or may also include a buffer if the command returns one. This command does no interpretation of the opcodes or options.
The <device> parameter is mandatory and may be either the NVMe character device (ex: /dev/nvme0), or a namespace block device (ex: /dev/nvme0n1).
On success, the returned structure (if applicable) may be returned in one of several ways depending on the option flags; the structure may printed by the program as a hex dump, or may be returned as a raw buffer printed to stdout for another program to parse.
-o <opcode>, --opcode=<opcode>
- The NVMe opcode to send to the device in the command
-f <flags>, --flags=<flags>
- The NVMe command flags to send to the device in the command
-R <rsvd>, --rsvd=<rsvd>
- The value for the reserved field in the command.
-n <nsid>, --namespace-id=<nsid>
- The value for the ns-id in the command.
- Specifies the command dword value for that specified entry in the command
-r, --read, -w, --write
- Used for the data-direction for the command and required for commands sending/receiving data. Don't use both read and write at the same time.
-i <file>, --input-file=<file>
- If the command is a data-out (write) command, use this file to fill the buffer sent to the device. If no file is given, assumed to use STDIN.
-l <data-len>, --data-len=<data-len>
- The data length for the buffer used for this command.
-m <data-len>, --metadata-len=<data-len>
- The metadata length for the buffer used for this command.
-s, --show-cmd, --dry-run
- Do not actually send the command; print out the command that would be sent.
- Print the raw returned buffer to stdout if the command returns a structure.
- Prefill the buffer with a predetermined byte value. Defaults to 0. This may be useful if the data you are writing is shorter than the required buffer, and you need to pad it with a known value. It may also be useful if you need to confirm if a device is overwriting a buffer for a data-in command.
The following will run the admin command with opcode=6 and cdw10=1, which corresponds to an identify controller command. This example requires the data-len param be 4096, which is the size of the returned structure. The -r option is used because it is a data-in command
# nvme admin-passthru /dev/nvme0 --opcode=06 --data-len=4096 --cdw10=1 -r
Or if you want to save that structure to a file:
# nvme admin-passthru /dev/nvme0 --opcode=06 --data-len=4096 --cdw10=1 -r -b > id_ns.raw
Part of the nvme-user suite