sshpk-sign (1) - Linux Manuals

sshpk-sign: sign data using an SSH key


sshpk-sign - sign data using an SSH key


sshpk-sign -i KEYPATH [OPTION...]


Takes in arbitrary bytes, and signs them using an SSH private key. The key can be of any type or format supported by the sshpk library, including the standard OpenSSH formats, as well as PEM PKCS#1 and PKCS#8.

The signature is printed out in Base64 encoding, unless the --binary or -b option is given.


Signing with default settings:

$ printf 'foo' | sshpk-sign -i ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa

Signing in SSH (RFC 4253) format (rather than the default ASN.1):

$ printf 'foo' | sshpk-sign -i ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa -t ssh

Saving the binary signature to a file:

$ printf 'foo' | sshpk-sign -i ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa \
                            -o signature.bin -b
$ cat signature.bin | base64


-v, --verbose
  Print extra information about the key and signature to stderr when signing.

-b, --binary
  Don't base64-encode the signature before outputting it.

-i KEY, --identity=KEY
  Select the key to be used for signing. KEY must be a relative or absolute
  filesystem path to the key file. Any format supported by the sshpk library
  is supported, including OpenSSH formats and standard PEM PKCS.

-f PATH, --file=PATH
  Input file to sign instead of stdin.

-o PATH, --out=PATH
  Output file to save signature in instead of stdout.

-H HASH, --hash=HASH
  Set the hash algorithm to be used for signing. This should be one of sha1,
  sha256 or sha512. Some key types may place restrictions on which hash
  algorithms may be used (e.g. ED25519 keys can only use SHA-512).

-t FORMAT, --format=FORMAT
  Choose the signature format to use, from asn1ssh or raw (only for
  ED25519 signatures). The asn1 format is the default, as it is the format
  used with TLS and typically the standard in most non-SSH libraries (e.g.
  OpenSSL). The ssh format is used in the SSH protocol and by the ssh-agent.


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