Smokeping_probes_CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP (3) - Linux Man Pages
Smokeping_probes_CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP: Probe for SmokePing
Smokeping::probes::CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP - Probe for SmokePing
*** Probes *** +CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP forks = 5 offset = 50% step = 300 timeout = 15 # The following variables can be overridden in each target section ioshost = RTTcommunity [at] Myrouter.foobar.com.au # mandatory iosint = 10.33.22.11 packetsize = 56 pings = 5 timeout = 15 tos = 160 vrf = INTERNET # [...] *** Targets *** probe = CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP # if this should be the default probe # [...] + mytarget # probe = CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP # if the default probe is something else host = my.host ioshost = RTTcommunity [at] Myrouter.foobar.com.au # mandatory iosint = 10.33.22.11 packetsize = 56 pings = 5 timeout = 15 tos = 160 vrf = INTERNET
DESCRIPTIONA probe for smokeping, which uses the ciscoRttMon MIB functionality (``Service Assurance Agent'', ``SAA'') of Cisco IOS to measure ICMP echo (``ping'') roundtrip times between a Cisco router and any IP address.
VARIABLESSupported probe-specific variables:
Run this many concurrent processes at maximum
Example value: 5
Default value: 5
If you run many probes concurrently you may want to prevent them from
hitting your network all at the same time. Using the probe-specific
offset parameter you can change the point in time when each probe will
be run. Offset is specified in % of total interval, or alternatively as
'random', and the offset from the 'General' section is used if nothing
is specified here. Note that this does NOT influence the rrds itself,
it is just a matter of when data acqusition is initiated.
(This variable is only applicable if the variable 'concurrentprobes' is set
in the 'General' section.)
Example value: 50%
Duration of the base interval that this probe should use, if different
from the one specified in the 'Database' section. Note that the step in
the RRD files is fixed when they are originally generated, and if you
change the step parameter afterwards, you'll have to delete the old RRD
files or somehow convert them. (This variable is only applicable if
the variable 'concurrentprobes' is set in the 'General' section.)
Example value: 300
How long a single 'ping' takes at maximum
Example value: 15
Default value: 5
Supported target-specific variables:
The (mandatory) ioshost parameter specifies the Cisco router, which will
execute the pings, as well as the SNMP community string on the router.
Example value: RTTcommunity [at] Myrouter.foobar.com.au
This setting is mandatory.
The (optional) iosint parameter is the source address for the pings
sent. This should be one of the active (!) IP addresses of the router to
get results. IOS looks up the target host address in the forwarding table
and then uses the interface(s) listed there to send the ping packets. By
default IOS uses the (primary) IP address on the sending interface as
source address for a ping. The RTTMon MIB versions before IOS 12.0\fIs0(3)T
didn't support this parameter.
Example value: 10.33.22.11
- The packetsize parameter lets you configure the packetsize for the pings sent. The minimum is 8, the maximum 16392. Use the same number as with fping, if you want the same packet sizes being used on the network.
Default value: 56
- How many pings should be sent to each target, if different from the global value specified in the Database section. Note that the number of pings in theRRD files is fixed when they are originally generated, and if you change this parameter afterwards, you'll have to delete the old RRD files or somehow convert them.
Example value: 5
How long a single RTTMonEcho ICMP 'ping' take at maximum plus 10 seconds to spare. Since we control our own timeout the only purpose of this is to not have us killed by the ping method from basefork.
Example value: 15
Default value: 15
The (optional) tos parameter specifies the value of the ToS byte in
the IP header of the pings. Multiply DSCP values times 4 and Precedence
values times 32 to calculate the ToS values to configure, e.g. ToS 160
corresponds to a DSCP value 40 and a Precedence value of 5. The RTTMon
MIB versions before IOS 12.0\fIs0(3)T didn't support this parameter.
Example value: 160
Default value: 0
- The theVPN name in which the RTT operation will be used. For regular RTT operation this field should not be configured. The agent will use this field to identify the VPN routing Table for this operation.
Example value: INTERNET
AUTHORSJoerg.Kummer at Roche.com
IOS VERSIONSIt is highly recommended to use this probe with routers running IOS 12.0\fIs0(3)T or higher and to test it on less critical routers first. I managed to crash a router with 12.0(9) quite consistently ( in IOS lingo 12.0(9) is older code than 12.0(3)T ). I did not observe crashes on higher IOS releases, but messages on the router like the one below, when multiple processes concurrently accessed the same router (this case was IOS 12.1(12b) ):
Aug 20 07:30:14: %RTT-3-SemaphoreBadUnlock: %RTR: Attempt to unlock semaphore by wrong RTR process 70, locked by 78
INSTALLATIONTo install this probe copy ciscoRttMonMIB.pm files to ($SMOKEPINGINSTALLDIR)/lib/Smokeping and CiscoRTTMonEchoICMP.pm to ($SMOKEPINGINSTALLDIR)/lib/Smokeping/probes. V0.97 or higher of Simon Leinen's SNMP_Session.pm is required.
The router(s) must be configured to allow read/write SNMP access. Sufficient is:
snmp-server community RTTCommunity RW
If you want to be a bit more restrictive with SNMP write access to the router, then consider configuring something like this
access-list 2 permit 10.37.3.5 snmp-server view RttMon ciscoRttMonMIB included snmp-server community RTTCommunity view RttMon RW 2
BUGSThe probe sends unnecessary pings, i.e. more than configured in the ``pings'' variable, because the RTTMon MIB only allows to set a total time for all pings in one measurement run (one ``life''). Currently the probe sets the life duration to ``pings''*5+3 seconds (5 secs is the ping timeout value hardcoded into this probe).
The best source for background info on SAA is Cisco's documentation on <http://www.cisco.com> and the CISCO-RTTMON-MIB documentation, which is available at: <ftp://ftp.cisco.com/pub/mibs/v2/CISCO-RTTMON-MIB.my>