# dgebd2 (3) - Linux Manuals

dgebd2.f -

## SYNOPSIS

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine dgebd2 (M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO)
DGEBD2 reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dgebd2 (integerM, integerN, double precision, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, double precision, dimension( * )D, double precision, dimension( * )E, double precision, dimension( * )TAUQ, double precision, dimension( * )TAUP, double precision, dimension( * )WORK, integerINFO)

DGEBD2 reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.

Purpose:

``` DGEBD2 reduces a real general m by n matrix A to upper or lower
bidiagonal form B by an orthogonal transformation: Q**T * A * P = B.

If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.
```

Parameters:

M

```          M is INTEGER
The number of rows in the matrix A.  M >= 0.
```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The number of columns in the matrix A.  N >= 0.
```

A

```          A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced.
On exit,
if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are
overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent
the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary
reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors;
if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are
overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ,
represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of
elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,M).
```

D

```          D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
D(i) = A(i,i).
```

E

```          E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1)
The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1;
if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.
```

TAUQ

```          TAUQ is DOUBLE PRECISION array dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the orthogonal matrix Q. See Further Details.
```

TAUP

```          TAUP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the orthogonal matrix P. See Further Details.
```

WORK

```          WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (max(M,N))
```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
```

Author:

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Date:

September 2012

Further Details:

```  The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
reflectors:

If m >= n,

Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)

Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T

where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in A(i+1:m,i);
u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+2:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

If m < n,

Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)

Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T

where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in A(i+2:m,i);
u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+1:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:

m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n):          m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):

(  d   e   u1  u1  u1 )           (  d   u1  u1  u1  u1  u1 )
(  v1  d   e   u2  u2 )           (  e   d   u2  u2  u2  u2 )
(  v1  v2  d   e   u3 )           (  v1  e   d   u3  u3  u3 )
(  v1  v2  v3  d   e  )           (  v1  v2  e   d   u4  u4 )
(  v1  v2  v3  v4  d  )           (  v1  v2  v3  e   d   u5 )
(  v1  v2  v3  v4  v5 )

where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
the vector defining G(i).
```

Definition at line 190 of file dgebd2.f.

## Author

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