pthread_setaffinity_np (3) - Linux Man Pages
pthread_setaffinity_np, pthread_getaffinity_np - set/get CPU affinity of a thread
#define _GNU_SOURCE /* See feature_test_macros(7) */ #include <pthread.h> int pthread_setaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize, const cpu_set_t *cpuset); int pthread_getaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize, cpu_set_t *cpuset); Compile and link with -pthread.
DESCRIPTIONThe pthread_setaffinity_np() function sets the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread to the CPU set pointed to by cpuset. If the call is successful, and the thread is not currently running on one of the CPUs in cpuset, then it is migrated to one of those CPUs.
The pthread_getaffinity_np() function returns the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread in the buffer pointed to by cpuset.
The argument cpusetsize is the length (in bytes) of the buffer pointed to by cpuset. Typically, this argument would be specified as sizeof(cpu_set_t). (It may be some other value, if using the macros described in CPU_SET(3) for dynamically allocating a CPU set.)
RETURN VALUEOn success, these functions return 0; on error, they return a nonzero error number.
- A supplied memory address was invalid.
- (pthread_setaffinity_np()) The affinity bit mask mask contains no processors that are currently physically on the system and permitted to the thread according to any restrictions that may be imposed by the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7).
- (pthread_setaffinity_np()) cpuset specified a CPU that was outside the set supported by the kernel. (The kernel configuration option CONFIG_NR_CPUS defines the range of the set supported by the kernel data type used to represent CPU sets.)
- (pthread_getaffinity_np()) cpusetsize is smaller than the size of the affinity mask used by the kernel.
- No thread with the ID thread could be found.
VERSIONSThese functions are provided by glibc since version 2.3.4.
ATTRIBUTESFor an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
|pthread_setaffinity_np(), pthread_getaffinity_np()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
CONFORMING TOThese functions are nonstandard GNU extensions; hence the suffix "_np" (nonportable) in the names.
NOTESAfter a call to pthread_setaffinity_np(), the set of CPUs on which the thread will actually run is the intersection of the set specified in the cpuset argument and the set of CPUs actually present on the system. The system may further restrict the set of CPUs on which the thread runs if the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7) is being used. These restrictions on the actual set of CPUs on which the thread will run are silently imposed by the kernel.
In glibc 2.3.3 only, versions of these functions were provided that did not have a cpusetsize argument. Instead the CPU set size given to the underlying system calls was always sizeof(cpu_set_t).
A new thread created by pthread_create(3) inherits a copy of its creator's CPU affinity mask.
EXAMPLEIn the following program, the main thread uses pthread_setaffinity_np() to set its CPU affinity mask to include CPUs 0 to 7 (which may not all be available on the system), and then calls pthread_getaffinity_np() to check the resulting CPU affinity mask of the thread.
#define _GNU_SOURCE #include <pthread.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <errno.h>
#define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
main(int argc, char *argv)
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