sd_uid_get_state (3) - Linux Manuals
sd_uid_get_state: Determine login state of a specific Unix user ID
sd_uid_get_state, sd_uid_is_on_seat, sd_uid_get_sessions, sd_uid_get_seats, sd_uid_get_display - Determine login state of a specific Unix user ID
uid, char **state);
uid, int require_active, const char *seat);
uid, int require_active, char ***sessions);
uid, int require_active, char ***seats);
uid, char **session);
sd_uid_is_on_seat() may be used to determine whether a specific user is logged in or active on a specific seat. Accepts a Unix user identifier and a seat identifier string as parameters. The require_active parameter is a boolean value. If non-zero (true), this function will test if the user is active (i.e. has a session that is in the foreground and accepting user input) on the specified seat, otherwise (false) only if the user is logged in (and possibly inactive) on the specified seat.
sd_uid_get_sessions() may be used to determine the current sessions of the specified user. Accepts a Unix user identifier as parameter. The require_active parameter controls whether the returned list shall consist of only those sessions where the user is currently active (> 0), where the user is currently online but possibly inactive (= 0), or logged in at all but possibly closing the session (< 0). The call returns a NULL terminated string array of session identifiers in sessions which needs to be freed by the caller with the libc free(3) call after use, including all the strings referenced. If the string array parameter is passed as NULL, the array will not be filled in, but the return code still indicates the number of current sessions. Note that instead of an empty array NULL may be returned and should be considered equivalent to an empty array.
Similarly, sd_uid_get_seats() may be used to determine the list of seats on which the user currently has sessions. Similar semantics apply, however note that the user may have multiple sessions on the same seat as well as sessions with no attached seat and hence the number of entries in the returned array may differ from the one returned by sd_uid_get_sessions().
sd_uid_get_display() returns the name of the "primary" session of a user. If the user has graphical sessions, it will be the oldest graphical session. Otherwise, it will be the oldest open session.
On success, sd_uid_get_state() returns 0 or a positive integer. If the test succeeds, sd_uid_is_on_seat() returns a positive integer; if it fails, 0. sd_uid_get_sessions() and sd_uid_get_seats() return the number of entries in the returned arrays. sd_uid_get_display() returns a non-negative code on success. On failure, these calls return a negative errno-style error code.
Functions described here are available as a shared library, and can be compiled and linked to using the
sd_uid_get_state(), sd_uid_is_on_seat(), sd_uid_get_sessions(), and sd_uid_get_seats() functions were added in systemd-31.
sd_uid_get_display() was added in systemd-213.
systemd(1), sd-login(3), sd_pid_get_owner_uid(3)