std::atomic(std::weak_ptr) (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::atomic(std::weak_ptr): std::atomic(std::weak_ptr)

NAME

std::atomic(std::weak_ptr) - std::atomic(std::weak_ptr)

Synopsis


template <class T> struct std::atomic<std::weak_ptr<T>>; (since C++20)


The partial template specialization of std::atomic for std::weak_ptr<T> allows users to manipulate weak_ptr objects atomically.
If multiple threads of execution access the same std::weak_ptr object without synchronization and any of those accesses uses a non-const member function of weak_ptr then a data race will occur unless all such access is performed through an instance of std::atomic<std::weak_ptr>>.
Associated use_count increments are guaranteed to be part of the atomic operation. Associated use_count decrements are sequenced after the atomic operation, but are not required to be part of it, except for the use_count change when overriding expected in a failed CAS. Any associated deletion and deallocation are sequenced after the atomic update step and are not part of the atomic operation.
Note that the control block used by std::weak_ptr and std::shared_ptr is thread-safe: different non-atomic std::weak_ptr objects can be accessed using mutable operations, such as operator= or reset, simultaneously by multiple threads, even when these instances are copies or otherwise share the same control block internally.
The type T may be an incomplete type.

Member types


Member type Definition
value_type std::weak_ptr<T>

Member functions


All non-specialized std::atomic functions are also provided by this specialization, and no additional member functions.


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::atomic


constexpr atomic() noexcept = default; (1)
atomic(std::weak_ptr<T> desired) noexcept; (2)
atomic(const atomic&) = delete; (3)


1) Initializes the underlying weak_ptr<T> to default-constructed value
2) Initializes the underlying weak_ptr<T> to a copy of desired. As with any std::atomic type, initialization is not an atomic operation.
3) Atomic types are not copy/move constructible


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::operator=


void operator=(const atomic&) = delete; (1)
void operator=(std::weak_ptr<T> desired) noexcept; (2)


1) Atomic types are not copy/move assignable
2) Value assignment, equivalent to store(desired)


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::is_lock_free


bool is_lock_free() const noexcept;


Returns true if the atomic operations on all objects of this type are lock-free, false otherwise.


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::store


void store(std::weak_ptr<T> desired,
std::memory_order order = std::memory_order_seq_cst) noexcept;


Atomically replaces the value of *this with the value of desired as if by p.swap(desired) where p is the underlying std::weak_ptr<T>. Memory is ordered according to order. The behavior is undefined if order is std::memory_order_consume, std::memory_order_acquire, or std::memory_order_acq_rel


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::load


std::weak_ptr<T> load(std::memory_order order = std::memory_order_seq_cst) const noexcept;


Atomically returns a copy of the underlying std::weak_ptr<T>. Memory is ordered according to order. The behavior is undefined if order is std::memory_order_release or std::memory_order_acq_rel.


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::operator std::weak_ptr<T>


operator std::weak_ptr<T>() const noexcept;


Equivalent to return load();


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::exchange


std::weak_ptr<T> exchange(std::weak_ptr<T> desired,
std::memory_order order = std::memory_order_seq_cst) noexcept;


Atomically replaces the underlying std::weak_ptr<T> with desired as if by p.swap(desired) where p is the underlying std::weak_ptr<T>, and returns a copy of the value that p had immediately before the swap. Memory is ordered according to order. This is an atomic read-modify-write operation.


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::compare_exchange_weak, compare_exchange_strong


bool compare_exchange_strong(std::weak_ptr<T>& expected, std::weak_ptr<T> desired, (1)
std::memory_order success, std::memory_order failure) noexcept;
bool compare_exchange_weak(std::weak_ptr<T>& expected, std::weak_ptr<T> desired, (2)
std::memory_order success, std::memory_order failure) noexcept;
bool compare_exchange_strong(std::weak_ptr<T>& expected, std::weak_ptr<T> desired, (3)
std::memory_order order = std::memory_order_seq_cst) noexcept;
bool compare_exchange_weak(std::weak_ptr<T>& expected, std::weak_ptr<T> desired, (4)
std::memory_order order = std::memory_order_seq_cst) noexcept;


1) If the underlying std::weak_ptr<T> stores the same pointer value as expected and shares ownership with it, or if both underlying and expected are empty, assigns from desired to the underlying std::weak_ptr<T>, returns true, and orders memory according to success, otherwise assigns from the underlying std::weak_ptr<T> to expected, returns false, and orders memory according to failure. The behavior is undefined if failure is std::memory_order_release or std::memory_order_acq_rel. On success, the operation is an atomic read-modify-write operation on *this and expected is not accessed after the atomic update. On failure, the operation is an atomic load operation on *this and expected is updated with the existing value read from the atomic object. This update to expected's use_count is part of this atomic operation, although the write itself (and any subsequent deallocation/destruction) is not required to be.
2) Same as (1), but may also fail spuriously.
3) Equivalent to: return compare_exchange_strong(expected, desired, order, fail_order);, where fail_order is the same as order except that std:memory_order_acq_rel is replaced by std::memory_order_acquire and std::memory_order_release is replaced by std::memory_order_relaxed.
4) Equivalent to: return compare_exchange_weak(expected, desired, order, fail_order); where fail_order is the same as order except that std::memory_order_acq_rel is replaced by std::memory_order_acquire and std::memory_order_release is replaced by std::memory_order_relaxed.

Member constants


The only standard std::atomic member constant is_always_lock_free is also provided by this specialization.


 atomic<weak_ptr<T>>::is_always_lock_free


static constexpr bool is_always_lock_free = /*implementation-defined*/;

Example


 This section is incomplete
 Reason: no example

See also


atomic atomic class template and specializations for bool, integral, and pointer types
        (class template)
(C++11)