std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>::putback (3) - Linux Manuals

std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>::putback: std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>::putback


std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>::putback - std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>::putback


basic_istream& putback( char_type ch );

Puts the character ch back to the input stream so the next extracted character will be ch.
First clears eofbit, then behaves as UnformattedInputFunction. After constructing and checking the sentry object, if rdbuf() is not null, calls rdbuf()->sputbackc(ch), which calls rdbuf()->pbackfail(ch) if ch does not equal the most recently extracted character.
If rdbuf() is null or if rdbuf->sputbackc(ch) returns Traits::eof(), calls setstate(badbit).
In any case, sets the gcount() counter to zero.


ch - character to put into input stream

Return value



failure if an error occurred (the error state flag is not goodbit) and exceptions() is set to throw for that state.
If an internal operation throws an exception, it is caught and badbit is set. If exceptions() is set for badbit, the exception is rethrown.


demonstrates the difference between modifying and non-modifying putback()
// Run this code

  #include <sstream>
  #include <iostream>

  int main()
      std::stringstream s1("Hello, world"); // IO stream
      if (s1.putback('Y')) // modifies the buffer
          std::cout << s1.rdbuf() << '\n';
          std::cout << "putback failed\n";

      std::istringstream s2("Hello, world"); // input-only stream
      if (s2.putback('Y')) // cannot modify input-only buffer
          std::cout << s2.rdbuf() << '\n';
          std::cout << "putback failed\n";

      if (s2.putback('H')) // non-modifying putback
          std::cout << s2.rdbuf() << '\n';
          std::cout << "putback failed\n";


  Yello, world
  putback failed
  Hello, world

See also

          puts one character back in the input sequence
sputbackc (public member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>)
          unextracts a character
unget (public member function)
          reads the next character without extracting it
peek (public member function)