std::basic_osyncstream (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::basic_osyncstream: std::basic_osyncstream

NAME

std::basic_osyncstream - std::basic_osyncstream

Synopsis


Defined in header <syncstream>
template<
class CharT,
class Traits = std::char_traits<CharT>, (since C++20)
class Allocator = std::allocator<CharT>
> class basic_osyncstream: public std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>


The class template std::basic_osyncstream is a convenience wrapper for std::basic_syncbuf. It provides a mechanism to synchronize threads writing to the same stream.
It can be used with a named variable:


  {
    std::osyncstream synced_out(std::cout); // synchronized wrapper for std::cout
    synced_out << "Hello, ";
    synced_out << "World!";
    synced_out << std::endl; // flush is noted, but not yet performed
    synced_out << "and more!\n";
  } // characters are transferred and std::cout is flushed


as well as with a temporary:


  std::osyncstream(std::cout) << "Hello, " << "World!" << '\n';


It provides the guarantee that all output made to the same final destination buffer (std::cout in the examples above) will be free of data races and will not be interleaved or garbled in any way, as long as every write to the that final destination buffer is made through (possibly different) instances of std::basic_osyncstream.
Typical implementation of std::basic_osyncstream holds only one member: the wrapped std::basic_syncbuf
Two specializations for common character types are also defined:


Defined in header <syncstream>
Type Definition
osyncstream basic_osyncstream<char>
wosyncstream basic_osyncstream<wchar_t>

Member types


Member type Definition
char_type CharT
traits_type Traits; the program is ill-formed if Traits::char_type is not CharT.
int_type Traits::int_type
pos_type Traits::pos_type
off_type Traits::off_type
allocator_type Allocator
streambuf_type std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>
syncbuf_type std::basic_syncbuf<CharT, Traits, Allocator>

Member functions


              constructs a basic_osyncstream
constructor (public member function)
              assigns a basic_osyncstream
operator= (public member function)
              destroys the basic_osyncstream and emits its internal buffer
destructor (public member function)
              obtains a pointer to the underlying basic_syncbuf
rdbuf (public member function)
              obtains a pointer to the final destination stream buffer
get_wrapped (public member function)
              calls emit on the underlying basic_syncbuf to transmit its internal data to the final destination
emit (public member function)


Inherited from std::basic_ostream

Member functions

Formatted output


           inserts formatted data
operator<< (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)

Unformatted output


           inserts a character
put (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)
           inserts blocks of characters
write (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)

Positioning


           returns the output position indicator
tellp (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)
           sets the output position indicator
seekp (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)

Miscellaneous


           synchronizes with the underlying storage device
flush (public member function of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)

Member classes


       implements basic logic for preparation of the stream for output operations
sentry (public member class of std::basic_ostream<CharT,Traits>)


Inherited from std::basic_ios

Member types


Member type Definition
char_type CharT
traits_type Traits
int_type Traits::int_type
pos_type Traits::pos_type
off_type Traits::off_type

Member functions

State functions


               checks if no error has occurred i.e. I/O operations are available
good (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               checks if end-of-file has been reached
eof (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               checks if an error has occurred
fail (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               checks if a non-recoverable error has occurred
bad (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               checks if an error has occurred (synonym of fail())
operator! (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)


operator_void*
operator_bool checks if no error has occurred (synonym of !fail())
               (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
(until C++11)
(since C++11)
               returns state flags
rdstate (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               sets state flags
setstate (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               modifies state flags
clear (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)

Formatting


               copies formatting information
copyfmt (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               manages the fill character
fill (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)

Miscellaneous


               manages exception mask
exceptions (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               sets the locale
imbue (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               manages associated stream buffer
rdbuf (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               manages tied stream
tie (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               narrows characters
narrow (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)
               widens characters
widen (public member function of std::basic_ios<CharT,Traits>)


Inherited from std::ios_base

Member functions

Formatting


                  manages format flags
flags (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  sets specific format flag
setf (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  clears specific format flag
unsetf (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  manages decimal precision of floating point operations
precision (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  manages field width
width (public member function of std::ios_base)

Locales


                  sets locale
imbue (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  returns current locale
getloc (public member function of std::ios_base)

Internal extensible array


xalloc returns a program-wide unique integer that is safe to use as index to pword() and iword()
                  (public static member function of std::ios_base)
[static]
                  resizes the private storage if necessary and access to the long element at the given index
iword (public member function of std::ios_base)
                  resizes the private storage if necessary and access to the void* element at the given index
pword (public member function of std::ios_base)

Miscellaneous


                  registers event callback function
register_callback (public member function of std::ios_base)


sync_with_stdio sets whether C++ and C IO libraries are interoperable
                  (public static member function of std::ios_base)
[static]

Member classes


                  stream exception
failure (public member class of std::ios_base)
                  initializes standard stream objects
Init (public member class of std::ios_base)

Member types and constants


Type Explanation
               stream open mode type
               The following constants are also defined:


               Constant Explanation
               app seek to the end of stream before each write
               binary open in binary_mode
openmode in open for reading
               out open for writing
               trunc discard the contents of the stream when opening
               ate seek to the end of stream immediately after open


               (typedef)
               formatting flags type
               The following constants are also defined:


               Constant Explanation
               dec use decimal base for integer I/O: see std::dec
               oct use octal base for integer I/O: see std::oct
               hex use hexadecimal base for integer I/O: see std::hex
               basefield dec|oct|hex. Useful for masking operations
               left left adjustment (adds fill characters to the right): see std::left
               right right adjustment (adds fill characters to the left): see std::right
               internal internal adjustment (adds fill characters to the internal designated point): see std::internal
               adjustfield left|right|internal. Useful for masking operations
               scientific generate floating point types using scientific notation, or hex notation if combined with fixed: see std::scientific
fmtflags fixed generate floating point types using fixed notation, or hex notation if combined with scientific: see std::fixed
               floatfield scientific|fixed. Useful for masking operations
               boolalpha insert and extract bool type in alphanumeric format: see std::boolalpha
               showbase generate a prefix indicating the numeric base for integer output, require the currency indicator in monetary I/O: see std::showbase
               showpoint generate a decimal-point character unconditionally for floating-point number output: see std::showpoint
               showpos generate a + character for non-negative numeric output: see std::showpos
               skipws skip leading whitespace before certain input operations: see std::skipws
               unitbuf flush the output after each output operation: see std::unitbuf
               uppercase replace certain lowercase letters with their uppercase
                           equivalents in certain output operations: see std::uppercase


               (typedef)
               state of the stream type
               The following constants are also defined:


               Constant Explanation
               goodbit no error
iostate badbit irrecoverable stream error
               failbit input/output operation failed (formatting or extraction error)
               eofbit associated input sequence has reached end-of-file


               (typedef)
               seeking direction type
               The following constants are also defined:


               Constant Explanation
               beg the beginning of a stream
seekdir end the ending of a stream
               cur the current position of stream position indicator


               (typedef)
               specifies event type
event (enum)
               callback function type
event_callback (typedef)