std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::replace (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::replace: std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::replace

NAME

std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::replace - std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::replace

Synopsis


basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, (1)
const basic_string& str );
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (1)
const basic_string& str );
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count,
const basic_string& str, (until C++14)
size_type pos2, size_type count2 );
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count,
const basic_string& str, (since C++14)
size_type pos2, size_type count2 = npos );
template< class InputIt >
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (3)
InputIt first2, InputIt last2 );
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, (4)
const CharT* cstr, size_type count2 );
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (4)
const CharT* cstr, size_type count2 );
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, (5)
const CharT* cstr );
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (2) (5)
const CharT* cstr );
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, (6)
size_type count2, CharT ch );
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (6)
size_type count2, CharT ch );
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (7) (since C++11)
std::initializer_list<CharT> ilist );
template < class T >
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, (8) (since C++17)
const T& t );
template < class T >
basic_string& replace( const_iterator first, const_iterator last, (8) (since C++17)
const T& t );
template < class T >
basic_string& replace( size_type pos, size_type count, const T& t, (9) (since C++17)
size_type pos2, size_type count2 = npos );


Replaces the part of the string indicated by either [pos, pos + count) or [first, last) with a new string.
The new string can be one of:
1) string str;
2) substring [pos2, pos2 + count2) of str, except if count2==npos or if would extend past str.size(), [pos2, str.size()) is used.
3) characters in the range [first2, last2).


This overload has the same effect as overload (6) if InputIt is an integral type. (until C++11)
This overload only participates in overload resolution if InputIt qualifies as an LegacyInputIterator. (since C++11)


4) characters in the range [cstr, cstr + count2);
5) characters in the range [cstr, cstr + Traits::length(cstr));
6) count2 copies of character ch;
7) characters in the initializer list ilist;
8) characters of a string view sv, converted from t as if by std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits> sv = t;. These overloads only participate in overload resolution if std::is_convertible_v<const T&, std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>> is true and std::is_convertible_v<const T&, const CharT*> is false
9) subview [pos2, pos2 + count2) of a string view sv, converted from t as if by std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits> sv = t;, except if count2==npos or if it would extend past sv.size(), [pos2, sv.size()) is used. This overload only participates in overload resolution if std::is_convertible_v<const T&, std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>> is true and std::is_convertible_v<const T&, const CharT*> is false.

Parameters


pos - start of the substring that is going to be replaced
count - length of the substring that is going to be replaced
first, last - range of characters that is going to be replaced
str - string to use for replacement
pos2 - start of the substring to replace with
count2 - number of characters to replace with
cstr - pointer to the character string to use for replacement
ch - character value to use for replacement
first2, last2 - range of characters to use for replacement
ilist - initializer list with the characters to use for replacement
t - object (convertible to std::basic_string_view) with the characters to use for replacement

Return value


*this

Exceptions


std::out_of_range if pos > length() or pos2 > str.length()
std::length_error if the resulting string will exceed maximum possible string length (max_size())


In any case, if an exception is thrown for any reason, this function has no effect (strong exception guarantee).
(since C++11)


Defect reports


The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.


DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG_2946 C++17 string_view overload causes ambiguity in some cases avoided by making it a template

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <string>


  int main()
  {
      std::string str("The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.");


      str.replace(10, 5, "red"); // (5)


      str.replace(str.begin(), str.begin() + 3, 1, 'A'); // (6)


      std::cout << str << '\n';
  }

Output:


  A quick red fox jumps over the lazy dog.