std::bind_front (3) - Linux Manuals

std::bind_front: std::bind_front


std::bind_front - std::bind_front


Defined in header <functional>
template <class F, class... Args> (since C++20)
/*unspecified*/ bind_front( F&& f, Args&&... args );

The function template bind_front generates a forwarding call wrapper for f. Calling this wrapper is equivalent to invoking f with its first sizeof...(Args) parameters bound to args.
In other words, std::bind_front(f, bound_args...)(call_args...) is equivalent to std::invoke(f, bound_args..., call_args....).
The program is ill-formed if any of the following is not true:

* std::is_constructible_v<std::decay_t<F>, F>
* std::is_move_constructible_v<std::decay_t<F>>
* (std::is_constructible_v<std::decay_t<Args>, Args> && ...)
* (std::is_move_constructible_v<std::decay_t<Args>> && ...)


f - Callable object (function object, pointer to function, reference to function, pointer to member function, or pointer to data member) that will be bound to some arguments
args - list of the arguments to bind to the first sizeof...(Args) parameters of f

Type requirements

std::decay_t<F> and each type in std::decay_t<Args>... must meet the requirements of MoveConstructible.

Return value

A function object of type T that is unspecified, except that the types of objects returned by two calls to std::bind_front with the same arguments are the same.
The returned object (call wrapper) has the following properties:

 std::bind_front return type

Member objects

The returned object behaves as if it holds a member object fd of type std::decay_t<F> constructed from std::forward<F>(f), and an std::tuple object tup constructed with std::make_tuple(std::forward<Args>(args)...) (this unwraps any std::reference_wrappers), except that the returned object's assignment behavior is unspecified and the names are for exposition only.


The return type of std::bind_front behaves as if its copy/move constructors perform a memberwise copy/move. It is CopyConstructible if all of its member objects (specified above) are CopyConstructible, and is MoveConstructible otherwise.

Member function operator()

Given an object G obtained from an earlier call to bind_front(f, args...), when a glvalue g designating G is invoked in a function call expression g(call_args...), an invocation of the stored object takes place, as if by

  std::invoke(g.fd, std::get<Ns>(g.tup)..., call_args...)

, where

* Ns is an integer pack 0, 1, ..., (sizeof...(Args) - 1)
* g is an lvalue in the std::invoke expression if it is an lvalue in the call expression, and is an rvalue otherwise. Thus std::move(g)(call_args...) can move the bound arguments into the call, where g(call_args...) would copy.

The behavior is undefined if g has volatile-qualified type.
The member operator() is noexcept if the std::invoke expression it calls is noexcept (in other words, it preserves the exception specification of the underlying call operator)


Only throws if construction of stored function object or any of the bound arguments throws.


This function is intended to replace std::bind. Unlike std::bind, it does not support arbitrary argument rearrangement and has no special treatment for nested bind-expressions. On the other hand, it pays attention to the value category of the call wrapper object and propagates exception specification of the underlying call operator.
As described in std::invoke, when invoking a pointer to non-static member function or pointer to non-static data member, the first argument has to be a reference or pointer (including, possibly, smart pointer such as std::shared_ptr and std::unique_ptr) to an object whose member will be accessed.
The arguments to std::bind_front are copied or moved, and are never passed by reference unless wrapped in std::ref or std::cref.


 This section is incomplete
 Reason: no example

See also

bind binds one or more arguments to a function object
        (function template)

mem_fn creates a function object out of a pointer to a member
        (function template)