std::cosh(std::complex) (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::cosh(std::complex): std::cosh(std::complex)

NAME

std::cosh(std::complex) - std::cosh(std::complex)

Synopsis


Defined in header <complex>
template< class T > (since C++11)
complex<T> cosh( const complex<T>& z );


Computes complex hyperbolic cosine of a complex value z.

Parameters


z - complex value

Return value


If no errors occur, complex hyperbolic cosine of z is returned


Error handling and special values


Errors are reported consistent with math_errhandling
If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic,


* std::cosh(std::conj(z)) == std::conj(std::cosh(z))
* std::cosh(z) == std::cosh(-z)
* If z is (+0,+0), the result is (1,+0)
* If z is (+0,+∞), the result is (NaN,±0) (the sign of the imaginary part is unspecified) and FE_INVALID is raised
* If z is (+0,NaN), the result is (NaN,±0) (the sign of the imaginary part is unspecified)
* If z is (x,+∞) (for any finite non-zero x), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID is raised
* If z is (x,NaN) (for any finite non-zero x), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (+∞,+0), the result is (+∞,+0)
* If z is (+∞,y) (for any finite non-zero y), the result is +∞cis(y)
* If z is (+∞,+∞), the result is (±∞,NaN) (the sign of the real part is unspecified) and FE_INVALID is raised
* If z is (+∞,NaN), the result is (+∞,NaN)
* If z is (NaN,+0), the result is (NaN,±0) (the sign of the imaginary part is unspecified)
* If z is (NaN,+y) (for any finite non-zero y), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (NaN,NaN), the result is (NaN,NaN)


where cis(y) is cos(y) + i sin(y)

Notes


Mathematical definition of hyperbolic cosine is cosh z =


ez
+e-z
2


Hyperbolic cosine is an entire function in the complex plane and has no branch cuts. It is periodic with respect to the imaginary component, with period 2πi

Examples


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <cmath>
  #include <complex>


  int main()
  {
      std::cout << std::fixed;
      std::complex<double> z(1, 0); // behaves like real cosh along the real line
      std::cout << "cosh" << z << " = " << std::cosh(z)
                << " (cosh(1) = " << std::cosh(1) << ")\n";


      std::complex<double> z2(0, 1); // behaves like real cosine along the imaginary line
      std::cout << "cosh" << z2 << " = " << std::cosh(z2)
                << " ( cos(1) = " << std::cos(1) << ")\n";
  }

Output:


  cosh(1.000000,0.000000) = (1.543081,0.000000) (cosh(1) = 1.543081)
  cosh(0.000000,1.000000) = (0.540302,0.000000) ( cos(1) = 0.540302)

See also


                    computes hyperbolic sine of a complex number (sh(z))
sinh(std::complex) (function template)
                    computes hyperbolic tangent of a complex number
tanh(std::complex) (function template)


acosh(std::complex) computes area hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
                    (function template)
(C++11)


cosh
coshf
coshl computes hyperbolic cosine (ch(x))
                    (function)


(C++11)
(C++11)
                    applies the function std::cosh to each element of valarray
cosh(std::valarray) (function template)