std::exp,std::expf,std::expl (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::exp,std::expf,std::expl: std::exp,std::expf,std::expl

NAME

std::exp,std::expf,std::expl - std::exp,std::expf,std::expl

Synopsis


Defined in header <cmath>
float exp ( float arg );
float expf( float arg ); (since C++11)
double exp ( double arg ); (1) (2)
long double exp ( long double arg );
long double expl( long double arg ); (3) (since C++11)
double exp ( IntegralType arg ); (4) (since C++11)


Computes e (Euler's number, 2.7182818...) raised to the given power arg
4) A set of overloads or a function template accepting an argument of any integral_type. Equivalent to 2) (the argument is cast to double).

Parameters


arg - value of floating-point or Integral_type

Return value


If no errors occur, the base-e exponential of arg (earg
) is returned.
If a range error due to overflow occurs, +HUGE_VAL, +HUGE_VALF, or +HUGE_VALL is returned.
If a range error occurs due to underflow, the correct result (after rounding) is returned.

Error handling


Errors are reported as specified in math_errhandling.
If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic (IEC 60559),


* If the argument is ±0, 1 is returned
* If the argument is -∞, +0 is returned
* If the argument is +∞, +∞ is returned
* If the argument is NaN, NaN is returned

Notes


For IEEE-compatible type double, overflow is guaranteed if 709.8 < arg, and underflow is guaranteed if arg < -708.4

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <cmath>
  #include <cerrno>
  #include <cstring>
  #include <cfenv>
  #pragma STDC FENV_ACCESS ON
  int main()
  {
      std::cout << "exp(1) = " << std::exp(1) << '\n'
                << "FV of $100, continuously compounded at 3% for 1 year = "
                << 100*std::exp(0.03) << '\n';
      // special values
      std::cout << "exp(-0) = " << std::exp(-0.0) << '\n'
                << "exp(-Inf) = " << std::exp(-INFINITY) << '\n';
      // error handling
      errno = 0;
      std::feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
      std::cout << "exp(710) = " << std::exp(710) << '\n';
      if (errno == ERANGE)
          std::cout << " errno == ERANGE: " << std::strerror(errno) << '\n';
      if (std::fetestexcept(FE_OVERFLOW))
          std::cout << " FE_OVERFLOW raised\n";
  }

Possible output:


  exp(1) = 2.71828
  FV of $100, continuously compounded at 3% for 1 year = 103.045
  exp(-0) = 1
  exp(-Inf) = 0
  exp(710) = inf
      errno == ERANGE: Numerical result out of range
      FE_OVERFLOW raised

See also


exp2
exp2f
exp2l returns 2 raised to the given power (2x)
                   (function)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)


expm1
expm1f
expm1l returns e raised to the given power, minus one (ex-1)
                   (function)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)


log
logf
logl computes natural (base e) logarithm (ln(x))
                   (function)


(C++11)
(C++11)
                   complex base e exponential
exp(std::complex) (function template)
                   applies the function std::exp to each element of valarray
exp(std::valarray) (function template)