std::experimental::filesystem::create_directory,std::experimental::filesystem::create_directories (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::experimental::filesystem::create_directory,std::experimental::filesystem::create_directories: std::experimental::filesystem::create_directory,std::experimental::filesystem::create_directories

NAME

std::experimental::filesystem::create_directory,std::experimental::filesystem::create_directories - std::experimental::filesystem::create_directory,std::experimental::filesystem::create_directories

Synopsis


Defined in header <experimental/filesystem>
bool create_directory( const path& p ); (1) (filesystem TS)
bool create_directory( const path& p, error_code& ec );
bool create_directory( const path& p, const path& existing_p ); (2) (filesystem TS)
bool create_directory( const path& p, const path& existing_p, error_code& ec );
bool create_directories( const path& p ); (3) (filesystem TS)
bool create_directories( const path& p, error_code& ec );


1) Creates the directory p as if by POSIX mkdir() with a second argument of static_cast<int>(fs::perms::all) (the parent directory must already exist). If p already exists and is already a directory, the function does nothing (this condition is not treated as an error).
2) Same as (1), except that the attributes of the new directory are copied from existing_p (which must be a directory that exists). It is OS-dependent which attributes are copied: on POSIX systems, the attributes are copied as if by


  stat(existing_p.c_str(), &attributes_stat)
  mkdir(p.c_str(), attributes_stat.st_mode)


On Windows OS, the attributes are copied as if by


  CreateDirectoryExW(existing_p.c_str(), p.c_str(), 0)


3) Executes (1) for every element of p that does not already exist.
The non-throwing overloads return false if any error occurs.

Parameters


p - the path to the new directory to create
existing_p - the path to a directory to copy the attributes from
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

Return value


1,2) true if directory creation is successful, false otherwise.

Exceptions


1,3) The overload that does not take a error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation fails. The overload taking a error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload has
noexcept specification:
noexcept
2) The overload that does not take a error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument, existing_p as the second argument, and the OS error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation fails. The overload taking a error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload has
noexcept specification:
noexcept

Notes


The attribute-preserving overload (2) is implicitly invoked by copy() when recursively copying directories. Its equivalent in boost.filesystem is copy_directory (with argument order reversed)

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <fstream>
  #include <cstdlib>
  #include <experimental/filesystem>
  namespace fs = std::experimental::filesystem;


  int main()
  {
      fs::create_directories("sandbox/1/2/a");
      fs::create_directory("sandbox/1/2/b");
      fs::permissions("sandbox/1/2/b", fs::perms::remove_perms | fs::perms::others_all);
      fs::create_directory("sandbox/1/2/c", "sandbox/1/2/b");
      std::system("ls -l sandbox/1/2");
      fs::remove_all("sandbox");
  }

Possible output:


  drwxr-xr-x 2 user group 4096 Apr 15 09:33 a
  drwxr-x--- 2 user group 4096 Apr 15 09:33 b
  drwxr-x--- 2 user group 4096 Apr 15 09:33 c

See also


                         creates a symbolic link
create_symlink (function)
create_directory_symlink
                         copies files or directories
copy (function)
                         identifies file system permissions
perms (enum)