std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry::status, (3) - Linux Manuals

std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry::status,: std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry::status,


std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry::status, - std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry::status,


file_status status() const;                         (1) (filesystem TS)
file_status status( error_code& ec const;
file_status symlink_status() const;                 (2) (filesystem TS)
file_status symlink_status( error_code& ec const;

1) Returns the potentially cached status of the entry, as if determined by a status
call (symlinks are followed to their targets)
2) Returns the potentially cached status of the entry, as if determined by a
symlink_status call (symlinks are not followed)


ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

Return value

The status of the file referred to by the entry.


The overload that does not take a error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on
underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS error
code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation
fails. The overload taking a error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code
if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload
noexcept specification:


The file status information is usually provided as a byproduct of directory
iteration, in which case it is cached and may be obtained by these member functions
without the cost of an additional system call. During directory iteration, calling
status is unnecessary and accessors such as is_directory should be called with the
cached status value, not with a path.


// Run this code

 #include <iostream>
 #include <fstream>
 #include <cstdio>
 #include <cstring>
 #include <experimental/filesystem>
 #include <unistd.h>
 #include <sys/socket.h>
 #include <sys/un.h>
 #include <sys/stat.h>

 namespace fs std::experimental::filesystem;

 void demo_status(const fs::path& p, fs::file_status s)
  std::cout << p;
  // alternative: switch(s.type()) case fs::file_type::regular: ...}
  if(fs::is_regular_file(s)) std::cout << is a regular file\n";
  if(fs::is_directory(s)) std::cout << is a directory\n";
  if(fs::is_block_file(s)) std::cout << is a block device\n";
  if(fs::is_character_file(s)) std::cout << is a character device\n";
  if(fs::is_fifo(s)) std::cout << is a named IPC pipe\n";
  if(fs::is_socket(s)) std::cout << is a named IPC socket\n";
  if(fs::is_symlink(s)) std::cout << is a symlink\n";
  if(!fs::exists(s)) std::cout << does not exist\n";
 int main()
  // create files of different kinds
  std::ofstream("sandbox/file"); // create regular file
  mkfifo("sandbox/pipe", 0644);
  struct sockaddr_un addr;
  addr.sun_family AF_UNIX;
  std::strcpy(addr.sun_path, "sandbox/sock");
  int fd socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
  bind(fd, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof addr);
  fs::create_symlink("file", "sandbox/symlink");

  // demo different status accessors
  for(auto it fs::directory_iterator("sandbox"); it != fs::directory_iterator(); ++it)
demo_status(*it, it->symlink_status()); // use cached status from directory entry
  demo_status("dev/null", fs::status("/dev/null")); // direct calls to status
  demo_status("dev/sda", fs::status("/dev/sda"));
  demo_status("sandbox/no", fs::status("/sandbox/no"));

  // cleanup

Possible output:

 "sandbox/file" is a regular file
 "sandbox/dir" is a directory
 "sandbox/pipe" is a named IPC pipe
 "sandbox/sock" is a named IPC socket
 "sandbox/symlink" is a symlink
 "dev/null" is a character device
 "dev/sda" is a block device
 "sandbox/no" does not exist

See also

file_status       represents file type and permissions
status            determines file attributes
symlink_status    determines file attributes, checking the symlink target
status_known      checks whether file status is known
is_block_file     checks whether the given path refers to block device
is_character_file checks whether the given path refers to a character device
is_directory      checks whether the given path refers to a directory
is_fifo           checks whether the given path refers to a named pipe
is_other          checks whether the argument refers to an other file
is_regular_file   checks whether the argument refers to a regular file
is_socket         checks whether the argument refers to a named IPC socket
is_symlink        checks whether the argument refers to a symbolic link