std::experimental::filesystem::is_socket (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::experimental::filesystem::is_socket: std::experimental::filesystem::is_socket

NAME

std::experimental::filesystem::is_socket - std::experimental::filesystem::is_socket

Synopsis


Defined in header <experimental/filesystem>
bool is_socket( file_status s ); (1) (filesystem TS)
bool is_socket( const path& p ); (2) (filesystem TS)
bool is_socket( const path& p, error_code& ec );


Checks if the given file status or path corresponds to a named IPC socket, as if determined by the POSIX S_IFSOCK.
1) Equivalent to s.type() == file_type::socket.
2) Equivalent to is_socket(status(p)) or is_socket(status(p, ec)).

Parameters


s - file status to check
p - path to examine
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

Return value


true if the file indicated by p or if the type indicated s refers to a named socket. The non-throwing overload returns false if an error occurs.

Exceptions


1)
noexcept specification:
noexcept
2,3) The overload that does not take a error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation fails. The overload taking a error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload has
noexcept specification:
noexcept

Notes


Named sockets are UNIX domain sockets constructed with socket and bind POSIX APIs, which may be used for advanced interprocess communication. In particular, they may be used to transport open file descriptors from one running process to another.
The information provided by this function is usually also provided as a byproduct of directory iteration. During directory iteration, calling is_socket(*iterator) is less efficient than is_socket(iterator->status())

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <fstream>
  #include <cstdio>
  #include <cstring>
  #include <experimental/filesystem>
  #include <unistd.h>
  #include <sys/socket.h>
  #include <sys/un.h>
  #include <sys/stat.h>


  namespace fs = std::experimental::filesystem;


  void demo_status(const fs::path& p, fs::file_status s)
  {
      std::cout << p;
      // alternative: switch(s.type()) { case fs::file_type::regular: ...}
      if(fs::is_regular_file(s)) std::cout << " is a regular file\n";
      if(fs::is_directory(s)) std::cout << " is a directory\n";
      if(fs::is_block_file(s)) std::cout << " is a block device\n";
      if(fs::is_character_file(s)) std::cout << " is a character device\n";
      if(fs::is_fifo(s)) std::cout << " is a named IPC pipe\n";
      if(fs::is_socket(s)) std::cout << " is a named IPC socket\n";
      if(fs::is_symlink(s)) std::cout << " is a symlink\n";
      if(!fs::exists(s)) std::cout << " does not exist\n";
  }
  int main()
  {
      // create files of different kinds
      fs::create_directory("sandbox");
      std::ofstream("sandbox/file"); // create regular file
      fs::create_directory("sandbox/dir");
      mkfifo("sandbox/pipe", 0644);
      struct sockaddr_un addr;
      addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
      std::strcpy(addr.sun_path, "sandbox/sock");
      int fd = socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
      bind(fd, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof addr);
      fs::create_symlink("file", "sandbox/symlink");


      // demo different status accessors
      for(auto it = fs::directory_iterator("sandbox"); it != fs::directory_iterator(); ++it)
          demo_status(*it, it->symlink_status()); // use cached status from directory entry
      demo_status("dev/null", fs::status("/dev/null")); // direct calls to status
      demo_status("dev/sda", fs::status("/dev/sda"));
      demo_status("sandbox/no", fs::status("/sandbox/no"));


      // cleanup
      close(fd);
      fs::remove_all("sandbox");
  }

Possible output:


  "sandbox/file" is a regular file
  "sandbox/dir" is a directory
  "sandbox/pipe" is a named IPC pipe
  "sandbox/sock" is a named IPC socket
  "sandbox/symlink" is a symlink
  "dev/null" is a character device
  "dev/sda" is a block device
  "sandbox/no" does not exist

See also


                  determines file attributes
status determines file attributes, checking the symlink target
symlink_status (function)
                  represents file type and permissions
file_status (class)
                  checks whether file status is known
status_known (function)
                  checks whether the given path refers to block device
is_block_file (function)
                  checks whether the given path refers to a character device
is_character_file (function)
                  checks whether the given path refers to a directory
is_directory (function)
                  checks whether the given path refers to a named pipe
is_fifo (function)
                  checks whether the argument refers to an other file
is_other (function)
                  checks whether the argument refers to a regular file
is_regular_file (function)
                  checks whether the argument refers to a symbolic link
is_symlink (function)
                  checks whether path refers to existing file system object
exists (function)
                  cached status of the file designated by this directory entry
status cached symlink_status of the file designated by this directory entry
symlink_status (public member function of std::experimental::filesystem::directory_entry)