std::experimental::filesystem::resize_file (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::experimental::filesystem::resize_file: std::experimental::filesystem::resize_file


std::experimental::filesystem::resize_file - std::experimental::filesystem::resize_file


Defined in header <experimental/filesystem>
void resize_file(const path& p, std::uintmax_t new_size); (filesystem TS)
void resize_file(const path& p, std::uintmax_t new_size, error_code& ec);

Changes the size of the regular file named by p as if by POSIX truncate: if the file size was previously larger than new_size, the remainder of the file is discarded. If the file was previously smaller than new_size, the file size is increased and the new area appears as if zero-filled.


p - path to delete
new_size - size that the file will now have
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

Return value



The overload that does not take a error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation fails. The overload taking a error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload has
noexcept specification:


On systems that support sparse files, increasing the file size does not increase the space it occupies on the file system: space allocation takes place only when non-zero bytes are written to the file.


demonstrates the effect of creating a sparse file on the free space
// Run this code

  #include <iostream>
  #include <iomanip>
  #include <fstream>
  #include <experimental/filesystem>
  namespace fs = std::experimental::filesystem;
  int main()
      fs::path p = fs::current_path() / "example.bin";
      std::cout << "File size: " << std::setw(10) << fs::file_size(p)
                << " Free space: " << fs::space(p).free << '\n';
      fs::resize_file(p, 1024*1024*1024); // resize to 1 G
      std::cout << "File size: " << fs::file_size(p)
                << " Free space: " << fs::space(p).free << '\n';

Possible output:

  File size: 1 Free space: 3724541952
  File size: 1073741824 Free space: 3724476416

See also

          returns the size of a file
file_size (function)
          determines available free space on the file system
space (function)