std::extent (3) - Linux Manuals

std::extent: std::extent


std::extent - std::extent


Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T, unsigned N = 0> (since C++11)
struct extent;

If T is an array type, provides the member constant value equal to the number of elements along the Nth dimension of the array, if N is in [0, std::rank<T>::value). For any other type, or if T is array of unknown bound along its first dimension and N is 0, value is 0.

Helper variable template

template< class T, unsigned N = 0 > (since C++17)
inline constexpr std::size_t extent_v = extent<T, N>::value;

Inherited from std::integral_constant

Member constants

value the number of elements along the Nth dimension of T
         (public static member constant)

Member functions

                     converts the object to std::size_t, returns value
operator std::size_t (public member function)

operator() returns value
                     (public member function)

Member types

Type Definition
value_type std::size_t
type std::integral_constant<std::size_t, value>

Possible implementation

  template<class T, unsigned N = 0>
  struct extent : std::integral_constant<std::size_t, 0> {};

  template<class T>
  struct extent<T[], 0> : std::integral_constant<std::size_t, 0> {};

  template<class T, unsigned N>
  struct extent<T[], N> : std::extent<T, N-1> {};

  template<class T, std::size_t I>
  struct extent<T[I], 0> : std::integral_constant<std::size_t, I> {};

  template<class T, std::size_t I, unsigned N>
  struct extent<T[I], N> : std::extent<T, N-1> {};


// Run this code

  #include <iostream>
  #include <type_traits>

  int main()
      std::cout << std::extent<int[3]>::value << '\n'; //< default dimension is 0
      std::cout << std::extent<int[3][4], 0>::value << '\n';
      std::cout << std::extent<int[3][4], 1>::value << '\n';
      std::cout << std::extent<int[3][4], 2>::value << '\n';
      std::cout << std::extent<int[]>::value << '\n';

      const auto ext = std::extent<int[9]>{};
      std::cout << ext << '\n'; //< implicit conversion to std::size_t

      const int ints[] = {1,2,3,4};
      std::cout << std::extent<decltype(ints)>::value << '\n'; //< array size



See also

is_array checks if a type is an array type
                   (class template)

rank obtains the number of dimensions of an array type
                   (class template)

remove_extent removes one extent from the given array type
                   (class template)

remove_all_extents removes all extents from the given array type
                   (class template)