std::filesystem::path::c_str,std::filesystem::path::native,std::filesystem::path::operatorstring_type() (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::filesystem::path::c_str,std::filesystem::path::native,std::filesystem::path::operatorstring_type(): std::filesystem::path::c_str,std::filesystem::path::native,std::filesystem::path::operatorstring_type()

NAME

std::filesystem::path::c_str,std::filesystem::path::native,std::filesystem::path::operatorstring_type() - std::filesystem::path::c_str,std::filesystem::path::native,std::filesystem::path::operatorstring_type()

Synopsis


const value_type* c_str() const noexcept; (1) (since C++17)
const string_type& native() const noexcept; (2) (since C++17)
operator string_type() const; (3) (since C++17)


Accesses the native path name as a character string.
1) Equivalent to native().c_str().
2) Returns the native-format representation of the pathname by reference.
3) Returns the native-format representation of the pathname by value.

Parameters


(none)

Return value


The native string representation of the pathname, using native syntax, native character type, and native character encoding. This string is suitable for use with OS APIs.

Notes


The conversion function (3) is provided so that APIs that accept std::basic_string file names can use pathnames with no changes to code.

Example


// Run this code


  #include <cstdio>
  #ifdef _MSC_VER
  #include <io.h>
  #include <fcntl.h>
  #else
  #include <locale>
  #include <clocale>
  #endif
  #include <fstream>
  #include <iostream>
  #include <filesystem>
  namespace fs = std::filesystem;


  int main()
  {
  #ifdef _MSC_VER
      _setmode(_fileno(stderr), _O_WTEXT);
  #else
      std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
      std::locale::global(std::locale(""));
      std::cout.imbue(std::locale());
      std::wcerr.imbue(std::locale());
  #endif


      fs::path p = fs::u8path(u8"要らない.txt");
      std::ofstream(p) << "File contents"; // Prior to LWG2676 uses operator string_type()
                                           // on MSVC, where string_type is wstring, only
                                           // works due to non-standard extension.
                                           // Post-LWG2676 uses new fstream constructors


      // native string representation can be used with OS APIs
      if (std::FILE* f =
  #ifdef _MSC_VER
                  _wfopen(p.c_str(), L"r")
  #else
                  std::fopen(p.c_str(), "r")
  #endif
          )
      {
          int ch;
          while((ch=fgetc(f))!= EOF) putchar(ch);
          std::fclose(f);
      }


      // multibyte and wide representation can be used for output
      std::cout << "\nFile name in narrow multibyte encoding: " << p.string() << '\n';
      std::wcerr << "File name in wide encoding: " << p.wstring() << '\n';


      fs::remove(p);
  }

Output:


  File contents
  File name in narrow multibyte encoding: 要らない.txt
  File name in wide encoding: 要らない.txt

See also


string
wstring returns the path in native pathname format converted to a string
u8string (public member function)
u16string
u32string


generic_string
generic_wstring returns the path in generic pathname format converted to a string
generic_u8string (public member function)
generic_u16string
generic_u32string