std::ios_base::register_callback (3) - Linux Manuals

std::ios_base::register_callback: std::ios_base::register_callback


std::ios_base::register_callback - std::ios_base::register_callback


void register_callback( event_callback function, int index );

Registers a user-defined function which will be called by imbue(), std::basic_ios::copyfmt() and ~ios_base(). Every registered callback is called every time: the event type (a value of type event) is passed as its first argument, and may be used to distinguish between the callers.
The callbacks are called in the reverse order of registration (in other words, register_callback() pushes a callback pair on the callback stack). If register_callback() is called from within a callback function to add a new callback, the new callback is only called on the next event.
The user-defined callback function is not allowed to throw exceptions.


function - the function which will be called on event, supplied as a function pointer of type event_callback
index - custom parameter which will be passed to the function

Return value



Once registered, a callback cannot be deregistered: it remains a part of the stream object for the rest of its lifetime. If the behavior of a callback needs to change, it may be controlled through iword() or pword().
If the same function is registered multiple times, it is called multiple times.
The integer value that is stored together with the callback is typically an index obtained from xalloc()


demonstrates the use of register_callback to update locale-dependent cached values that are used by a custom output operator
// Run this code

  #include <iostream>
  #include <locale>
  #include <functional>

  // cached locale-specific message and its hash
  typedef std::pair<std::string, std::size_t> cache_t;

  // populate the cached message and its hash from the locale
  void update_cache(cache_t& cache, std::locale loc)
      auto& fct = std::use_facet< std::messages<char> >(loc);
      std::messages_base::catalog cat ="sed", loc);
      cache.first = cat < 0 ? "" : fct.get(cat, 0, 0, "Memory exhausted");
      cache.second = std::hash<std::string>()(cache.first);

  // update the cache if the locale changed
  void true_callback(std::ios_base::event evt, std::ios_base& str, int idx)
      if (evt == std::ios_base::imbue_event)
          cache_t* ptr = static_cast<cache_t*>(str.pword(idx));
          update_cache(*ptr, str.getloc());

  // registers the cache in pword() and sets up the callback
  struct CacheSetup
      CacheSetup(std::ostream& os, std::ios_base::event_callback f, cache_t* cache)
          int index = std::ostream::xalloc();
          os.pword(index) = cache; // store pointer to cache in the stream
          os.register_callback(f, index); // store callback and the index to the pointer
          update_cache(*cache, os.getloc()); // initialize cache

  // some custom class
  struct S { };
  // some custom class's operator<< that needs fast access to hashed message
  std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os, const S&)
     static cache_t cache;
     static CacheSetup setup(os, true_callback, &cache);
     return os << cache.first << " : " << cache.second;

  int main()
      std::locale loc("en_US.utf8");

      S s;
      std::cout << s << '\n';

      std::cout.imbue(std::locale(loc, new std::messages_byname<char>("de_DE.utf8")));
      std::cout << s << '\n';

      std::cout.imbue(std::locale(loc, new std::messages_byname<char>("ja_JP.utf8")));
      std::cout << s << '\n';

      std::cout.imbue(std::locale(loc, new std::messages_byname<char>("ru_RU.utf8")));
      std::cout << s << '\n';


  Memory exhausted : 2,295,079,096
  Speicher erschöpft : 3,139,423,551
  メモリーが足りません : 3,837,351,114
  Память исчерпана : 3,742,732,851