std::isalnum (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::isalnum: std::isalnum

NAME

std::isalnum - std::isalnum

Synopsis


Defined in header <cctype>
int isalnum( int ch );


Checks if the given character is an alphanumeric character as classified by the current C locale. In the default locale, the following characters are alphanumeric:


* digits (0123456789)
* uppercase letters (ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ)
* lowercase letters (abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz)


The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Parameters


ch - character to classify

Return value


Non-zero value if the character is an alphanumeric character, 0 otherwise.

Notes


Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isalnum is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:


  bool my_isalnum(char ch)
  {
      return std::isalnum(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
  }


Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:


  int count_alnums(const std::string& s)
  {
      return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(),
                        // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isalnum) // wrong
                        // [](int c){ return std::isalnum(c); } // wrong
                        // [](char c){ return std::isalnum(c); } // wrong
                           [](unsigned char c){ return std::isalnum(c); } // correct
                          );
  }

Example


Demonstrates the use of isalnum() with different locales (OS-specific).
// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <cctype>
  #include <clocale>


  int main()
  {
      unsigned char c = '\xdf'; // German letter ß in ISO-8859-1


      std::cout << "isalnum(\'\\xdf\', default C locale) returned "
                 << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isalnum(c) << '\n';


      if(std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "de_DE.iso88591"))
          std::cout << "isalnum(\'\\xdf\', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned "
                    << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isalnum(c) << '\n';


  }

Possible output:


  isalnum('\xdf', default C locale) returned false
  isalnum('\xdf', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned true

See also


                     checks if a character is classified as alphanumeric by a locale
isalnum(std::locale) (function template)
                     checks if a wide character is alphanumeric
iswalnum (function)


ASCII values iscntrl isprint isspace isblank isgraph ispunct isalnum isalpha isupper islower isdigit isxdigit
decimal hexadecimal octal characters iswcntrl iswprint iswspace iswblank iswgraph iswpunct iswalnum iswalpha iswupper iswlower iswdigit iswxdigit


0–8 \x0–\x8 \0–\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA–\xD \12–\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE–\x1F \16–\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21–\x2F \41–\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30–\x39 \60–\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A–\x40 \72–\100:;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41–\x46 \101–\10ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47–\x5A \107–\13GHIJKLMNOP 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
                              QRSTUVWXYZ
91–96 \x5B–\x60 \133–\14[\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102\x61–\x66 \141–\14abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–12\x67–\x7A \147–\17ghijklmnop 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
                              qrstuvwxyz
123–12\x7B–\x7E \172–\17{|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0