std::isblank (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::isblank: std::isblank

NAME

std::isblank - std::isblank

Synopsis


Defined in header <cctype>
int isblank( int ch ); (since C++11)


Checks if the given character is a blank character as classified by the currently installed C locale. Blank characters are whitespace characters used to separate words within a sentence. In the default C locale, only space (0x20) and horizontal tab (0x09) are classified as blank characters.
The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Parameters


ch - character to classify

Return value


Non-zero value if the character is a blank character, zero otherwise.

Notes


Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isblank is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:


  bool my_isblank(char ch)
  {
      return std::isblank(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
  }


Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:


  int count_blanks(const std::string& s)
  {
      return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(),
                        // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isblank) // wrong
                        // [](int c){ return std::isblank(c); } // wrong
                        // [](char c){ return std::isblank(c); } // wrong
                           [](unsigned char c){ return std::isblank(c); } // correct
                          );
  }

See also


isblank(std::locale) checks if a character is classified as a blank character by a locale
                     (function template)
(C++11)


iswblank checks if a wide character is a blank character
                     (function)
(C++11)


ASCII values iscntrl isprint isspace isblank isgraph ispunct isalnum isalpha isupper islower isdigit isxdigit
decimal hexadecimal octal characters iswcntrl iswprint iswspace iswblank iswgraph iswpunct iswalnum iswalpha iswupper iswlower iswdigit iswxdigit


0–8 \x0–\x8 \0–\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA–\xD \12–\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE–\x1F \16–\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21–\x2F \41–\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30–\x39 \60–\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A–\x40 \72–\100:;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41–\x46 \101–\10ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47–\x5A \107–\13GHIJKLMNOP 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
                              QRSTUVWXYZ
91–96 \x5B–\x60 \133–\14[\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102\x61–\x66 \141–\14abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–12\x67–\x7A \147–\17ghijklmnop 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
                              qrstuvwxyz
123–12\x7B–\x7E \172–\17{|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0