std::isdigit (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::isdigit: std::isdigit

NAME

std::isdigit - std::isdigit

Synopsis


Defined in header <cctype>
int isdigit( int ch );


Checks if the given character is one of the 10 decimal digits: 0123456789.
The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Parameters


ch - character to classify

Return value


Non-zero value if the character is a numeric character, zero otherwise.

Notes


isdigit and isxdigit are the only standard narrow character classification functions that are not affected by the currently installed C locale. although some implementations (e.g. Microsoft in 1252 codepage) may classify additional single-byte characters as digits.
Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isdigit is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:


  bool my_isdigit(char ch)
  {
      return std::isdigit(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
  }


Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:


  int count_digits(const std::string& s)
  {
      return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(),
                        // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isdigit) // wrong
                        // [](int c){ return std::isdigit(c); } // wrong
                        // [](char c){ return std::isdigit(c); } // wrong
                           [](unsigned char c){ return std::isdigit(c); } // correct
                          );
  }

See also


                     checks if a character is classified as a digit by a locale
isdigit(std::locale) (function template)
                     checks if a wide character is a digit
iswdigit (function)


ASCII values iscntrl isprint isspace isblank isgraph ispunct isalnum isalpha isupper islower isdigit isxdigit
decimal hexadecimal octal characters iswcntrl iswprint iswspace iswblank iswgraph iswpunct iswalnum iswalpha iswupper iswlower iswdigit iswxdigit


0–8 \x0–\x8 \0–\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA–\xD \12–\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE–\x1F \16–\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21–\x2F \41–\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30–\x39 \60–\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A–\x40 \72–\100:;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41–\x46 \101–\10ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47–\x5A \107–\13GHIJKLMNOP 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
                              QRSTUVWXYZ
91–96 \x5B–\x60 \133–\14[\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102\x61–\x66 \141–\14abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–12\x67–\x7A \147–\17ghijklmnop 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
                              qrstuvwxyz
123–12\x7B–\x7E \172–\17{|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0