std::isspace (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::isspace: std::isspace

NAME

std::isspace - std::isspace

Synopsis


Defined in header <cctype>
int isspace( int ch );


Checks if the given character is whitespace character as classified by the currently installed C locale. In the default locale, the whitespace characters are the following:


* space (0x20, ' ')
* form feed (0x0c, '\f')
* line feed (0x0a, '\n')
* carriage return (0x0d, '\r')
* horizontal tab (0x09, '\t')
* vertical tab (0x0b, '\v')


The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Parameters


ch - character to classify

Return value


Non-zero value if the character is a whitespace character, zero otherwise.

Notes


Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isspace is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:


  bool my_isspace(char ch)
  {
      return std::isspace(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
  }


Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:


  int count_spaces(const std::string& s)
  {
      return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(),
                        // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isspace) // wrong
                        // [](int c){ return std::isspace(c); } // wrong
                        // [](char c){ return std::isspace(c); } // wrong
                           [](unsigned char c){ return std::isspace(c); } // correct
                          );
  }

See also


                     checks if a character is classified as whitespace by a locale
isspace(std::locale) (function template)
                     checks if a wide character is a space character
iswspace (function)


ASCII values iscntrl isprint isspace isblank isgraph ispunct isalnum isalpha isupper islower isdigit isxdigit
decimal hexadecimal octal characters iswcntrl iswprint iswspace iswblank iswgraph iswpunct iswalnum iswalpha iswupper iswlower iswdigit iswxdigit


0–8 \x0–\x8 \0–\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA–\xD \12–\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE–\x1F \16–\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21–\x2F \41–\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30–\x39 \60–\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A–\x40 \72–\100:;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41–\x46 \101–\10ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47–\x5A \107–\13GHIJKLMNOP 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
                              QRSTUVWXYZ
91–96 \x5B–\x60 \133–\14[\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102\x61–\x66 \141–\14abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–12\x67–\x7A \147–\17ghijklmnop 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
                              qrstuvwxyz
123–12\x7B–\x7E \172–\17{|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0