std::piecewise_constant_distribution (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::piecewise_constant_distribution: std::piecewise_constant_distribution


std::piecewise_constant_distribution - std::piecewise_constant_distribution


Defined in header <random>
template< class RealType = double > (since C++11)
class piecewise_constant_distribution;

std::piecewise_constant_distribution produces random floating-point numbers, which are uniformly distributed within each of the several subintervals [b
i, b
i+1), each with its own weight w
i. The set of interval boundaries and the set of weights are the parameters of this distribution.
The probability density for any b
i+1 is

S (b
i+1 - b

. where S is the sum of all weights.
std::piecewise_constant_distribution satisfies all requirements of RandomNumberDistribution

Template parameters

RealType - The result type generated by the generator. The effect is undefined if this is not one of float, double, or long double.

Member types

Member type Definition
result_type RealType
param_type the type of the parameter set, see RandomNumberDistribution.

Member functions

              constructs new distribution
constructor (public member function)
              resets the internal state of the distribution
reset (public member function)


              generates the next random number in the distribution
operator() (public member function)


              returns the distribution parameters
intervals (public member function)
              gets or sets the distribution parameter object
param (public member function)
              returns the minimum potentially generated value
min (public member function)
              returns the maximum potentially generated value
max (public member function)

Non-member functions

           compares two distribution objects
operator== (function)
           performs stream input and output on pseudo-random number distribution
operator<< (function template)


// Run this code

  #include <iostream>
  #include <string>
  #include <map>
  #include <random>

  int main()
      std::random_device rd;
      std::mt19937 gen(rd());
      // 50% of the time, generate a random number between 0 and 1
      // 50% of the time, generate a random number between 10 and 15
      std::vector<double> i{0, 1, 10, 15};
      std::vector<double> w{ 1, 0, 1};
      std::piecewise_constant_distribution<> d(i.begin(), i.end(), w.begin());

      std::map<int, int> hist;
      for(int n=0; n<10000; ++n) {
      for(auto p : hist) {
          std::cout << p.first << ' ' << std::string(p.second/100, '*') << '\n';


  0 **************************************************
  10 **********
  11 *********
  12 *********
  13 **********
  14 *********