std::push_heap (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::push_heap: std::push_heap

NAME

std::push_heap - std::push_heap

Synopsis


Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class RandomIt > (until C++20)
void push_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last );
template< class RandomIt > (since C++20)
constexpr void push_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last );
template< class RandomIt, class Compare > (1)
void push_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last, (until C++20)
Compare comp ); (2)
template< class RandomIt, class Compare >
constexpr void push_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last, (since C++20)
Compare comp );


Inserts the element at the position last-1 into the max heap defined by the range [first, last-1). The first version of the function uses operator< to compare the elements, the second uses the given comparison function comp.

Parameters


first, last - the range of elements defining the heap to modify
              comparison function object (i.e. an object that satisfies the requirements of Compare) which returns true if the first argument is less than the second.
              The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:
              bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);
comp - While the signature does not need to have const &, the function must not modify the objects passed to it and must be able to accept all values of type (possibly const) Type1 and Type2 regardless of value_category (thus, Type1 & is not allowed
              , nor is Type1 unless for Type1 a move is equivalent to a copy
              (since C++11)).
              The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type RandomIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them.

Type requirements


-
RandomIt must meet the requirements of LegacyRandomAccessIterator.
-
The type of dereferenced RandomIt must meet the requirements of MoveAssignable and MoveConstructible.

Return value


(none)

Complexity


At most log(N) comparisons where N=std::distance(first, last).

Notes


A max heap is a range of elements [f,l) that has the following properties:

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <algorithm>
  #include <vector>


  int main()
  {
      std::vector<int> v { 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9 };


      std::make_heap(v.begin(), v.end());


      std::cout << "v: ";
      for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
      std::cout << '\n';


      v.push_back(6);


      std::cout << "before push_heap: ";
      for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
      std::cout << '\n';


      std::push_heap(v.begin(), v.end());


      std::cout << "after push_heap: ";
      for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
      std::cout << '\n';
  }

Output:


  v: 9 5 4 1 1 3
  before push_heap: 9 5 4 1 1 3 6
  after push_heap: 9 5 6 1 1 3 4

See also


          removes the largest element from a max heap
pop_heap (function template)
          creates a max heap out of a range of elements
make_heap (function template)