std::recursive_timed_mutex::try_lock_for (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::recursive_timed_mutex::try_lock_for: std::recursive_timed_mutex::try_lock_for

NAME

std::recursive_timed_mutex::try_lock_for - std::recursive_timed_mutex::try_lock_for

Synopsis


template< class Rep, class Period > (since C++11)
bool try_lock_for( const std::chrono::duration<Rep,Period>& timeout_duration );


Tries to lock the mutex. Blocks until specified timeout_duration has elapsed or the lock is acquired, whichever comes first. On successful lock acquisition returns true, otherwise returns false.
If timeout_duration is less or equal timeout_duration.zero(), the function behaves like try_lock().
This function may block for longer than timeout_duration due to scheduling or resource contention delays.
The standard recommends that a steady_clock is used to measure the duration. If an implementation uses a system_clock instead, the wait time may also be sensitive to clock adjustments.
As with try_lock(), this function is allowed to fail spuriously and return false even if the mutex was not locked by any other thread at some point during timeout_duration.
Prior unlock() operation on the same mutex synchronizes-with (as defined in std::memory_order) this operation if it returns true.
A thread may call try_lock_for on a recursive mutex repeatedly. Successful calls to try_lock_for increment the ownership count: the mutex will only be released after the thread makes a matching number of calls to unlock.
The maximum number of levels of ownership is unspecified. A call to try_lock_for will return false if this number is exceeded.

Parameters


timeout_duration - minimum duration to block for

Return value


true if the lock was acquired successfully, otherwise false.

Exceptions


Any exception thrown by clock, time_point, or duration during the execution (clocks, time points, and durations provided by the standard library never throw)

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <mutex>
  #include <thread>
  #include <vector>
  #include <sstream>


  std::mutex cout_mutex; // control access to std::cout
  std::timed_mutex mutex;


  void job(int id)
  {
      using Ms = std::chrono::milliseconds;
      std::ostringstream stream;


      for (int i = 0; i < 3; ++i) {
          if (mutex.try_lock_for(Ms(100))) {
              stream << "success ";
              std::this_thread::sleep_for(Ms(100));
              mutex.unlock();
          } else {
              stream << "failed ";
          }
          std::this_thread::sleep_for(Ms(100));
      }


      std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lock(cout_mutex);
      std::cout << "[" << id << "] " << stream.str() << "\n";
  }


  int main()
  {
      std::vector<std::thread> threads;
      for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
          threads.emplace_back(job, i);
      }


      for (auto& i: threads) {
          i.join();
      }
  }

Possible output:


  [0] failed failed failed
  [3] failed failed success
  [2] failed success failed
  [1] success failed success

See also


               locks the mutex, blocks if the mutex is not available
lock (public member function)
               tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex is not available
try_lock (public member function)
               tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex has been
try_lock_until unavailable until specified time point has been reached
               (public member function)
               unlocks the mutex
unlock (public member function)