std::stoi,std::stol,std::stoll (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::stoi,std::stol,std::stoll: std::stoi,std::stol,std::stoll

NAME

std::stoi,std::stol,std::stoll - std::stoi,std::stol,std::stoll

Synopsis


Defined in header <string>
int stoi( const std::string& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 ); (1) (since C++11)
int stoi( const std::wstring& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 );
long stol( const std::string& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 ); (2) (since C++11)
long stol( const std::wstring& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 );
long long stoll( const std::string& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 ); (3) (since C++11)
long long stoll( const std::wstring& str, std::size_t* pos = 0, int base = 10 );


Interprets a signed integer value in the string str.
1) calls std::strtol(str.c_str(), &ptr, base) or std::wcstol(str.c_str(), &ptr, base)
2) calls std::strtol(str.c_str(), &ptr, base) or std::wcstol(str.c_str(), &ptr, base)
3) calls std::strtoll(str.c_str(), &ptr, base) or std::wcstoll(str.c_str(), &ptr, base)
Discards any whitespace characters (as identified by calling isspace()) until the first non-whitespace character is found, then takes as many characters as possible to form a valid base-n (where n=base) integer number representation and converts them to an integer value. The valid integer value consists of the following parts:


* (optional) plus or minus sign
* (optional) prefix (0) indicating octal base (applies only when the base is 8 or 0)
* (optional) prefix (0x or 0X) indicating hexadecimal base (applies only when the base is 16 or 0)
* a sequence of digits


The set of valid values for base is {0,2,3,...,36}. The set of valid digits for base-2 integers is {0,1}, for base-3 integers is {0,1,2}, and so on. For bases larger than 10, valid digits include alphabetic characters, starting from Aa for base-11 integer, to Zz for base-36 integer. The case of the characters is ignored.
Additional numeric formats may be accepted by the currently installed C locale.
If the value of base is 0, the numeric base is auto-detected: if the prefix is 0, the base is octal, if the prefix is 0x or 0X, the base is hexadecimal, otherwise the base is decimal.
If the minus sign was part of the input sequence, the numeric value calculated from the sequence of digits is negated as if by unary_minus in the result type.
If pos is not a null pointer, then a pointer ptr - internal to the conversion functions - will receive the address of the first unconverted character in str.c_str(), and the index of that character will be calculated and stored in *pos, giving the number of characters that were processed by the conversion.

Parameters


str - the string to convert
pos - address of an integer to store the number of characters processed
base - the number base

Return value


The string converted to the specified signed integer type.

Exceptions


* std::invalid_argument if no conversion could be performed
* std::out_of_range if the converted value would fall out of the range of the result type or if the underlying function (std::strtol or std::strtoll) sets errno to ERANGE.

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <string>


  int main()
  {
      std::string str1 = "45";
      std::string str2 = "3.14159";
      std::string str3 = "31337 with words";
      std::string str4 = "words and 2";


      int myint1 = std::stoi(str1);
      int myint2 = std::stoi(str2);
      int myint3 = std::stoi(str3);
      // error: 'std::invalid_argument'
      // int myint4 = std::stoi(str4);


      std::cout << "std::stoi(\"" << str1 << "\") is " << myint1 << '\n';
      std::cout << "std::stoi(\"" << str2 << "\") is " << myint2 << '\n';
      std::cout << "std::stoi(\"" << str3 << "\") is " << myint3 << '\n';
      //std::cout << "std::stoi(\"" << str4 << "\") is " << myint4 << '\n';
  }

Output:


  std::stoi("45") is 45
  std::stoi("3.14159") is 3
  std::stoi("31337 with words") is 31337

See also


atoi converts a byte string to an integer value
atol (function)
atoll


stoul
stoull converts a string to an unsigned integer
           (function)
(C++11)
(C++11)


stof
stod
stold converts a string to a floating point value
           (function)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)


to_string converts an integral or floating point value to string
           (function)
(C++11)


from_chars converts a character sequence to an integer or floating-point value
           (function)
(C++17)