std::uninitialized_copy_n (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::uninitialized_copy_n: std::uninitialized_copy_n

NAME

std::uninitialized_copy_n - std::uninitialized_copy_n

Synopsis


Defined in header <memory>
template< class InputIt, class Size, class ForwardIt > (1) (since C++11)
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy_n( InputIt first, Size count, ForwardIt d_first);
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class InputIt, class Size, class ForwardIt > (2) (since C++17)
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy_n( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, InputIt first, Size count, ForwardIt d_first);


1) Copies count elements from a range beginning at first to an uninitialized memory area beginning at d_first as if by


  for ( ; n > 0; ++d_first, (void) ++first, --n)
     ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*d_first)))
        typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type(*first);


If an exception is thrown during the initialization, the objects already constructed are destroyed in an unspecified order.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy. This overload does not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true

Parameters


first - the beginning of the range of the elements to copy
d_first - the beginning of the destination range
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution_policy for details.

Type requirements


-
InputIt must meet the requirements of LegacyInputIterator.
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.
-
No increment, assignment, comparison, or indirection through valid instances of ForwardIt may throw exceptions.

Return value


Iterator to the element past the last element copied.

Complexity


Linear in count.

Exceptions


The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:


* If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard_policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
* If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

Possible implementation


  template<class InputIt, class Size, class ForwardIt>
  ForwardIt uninitialized_copy_n(InputIt first, Size count, ForwardIt d_first)
  {
      typedef typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type Value;
      ForwardIt current = d_first;
      try {
          for (; count > 0; ++first, (void) ++current, --count) {
              ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*current))) Value(*first);
          }
      } catch (...) {
          for (; d_first != current; ++d_first) {
              d_first->~Value();
          }
          throw;
      }
      return current;
  }

Example


// Run this code


  #include <algorithm>
  #include <iostream>
  #include <memory>
  #include <string>
  #include <tuple>
  #include <vector>


  int main()
  {
      std::vector<std::string> v = {"This", "is", "an", "example"};


      std::string* p;
      std::size_t sz;
      std::tie(p, sz) = std::get_temporary_buffer<std::string>(v.size());
      sz = std::min(sz, v.size());


      std::uninitialized_copy_n(v.begin(), sz, p);


      for (std::string* i = p; i != p+sz; ++i) {
          std::cout << *i << ' ';
          i->~basic_string<char>();
      }
      std::return_temporary_buffer(p);
  }

Output:


  This is an example

See also


                   copies a range of objects to an uninitialized area of memory
uninitialized_copy (function template)