std::valarray<T>::apply (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::valarray<T>::apply: std::valarray<T>::apply

NAME

std::valarray<T>::apply - std::valarray<T>::apply

Synopsis


valarray<T> apply( T func(T) ) const;
valarray<T> apply( T func(const T&) ) const;


Returns a new valarray of the same size with values which are acquired by applying function func to the previous values of the elements.

Parameters


func - function to apply to the values

Return value


The resulting valarray with values acquired by applying function func.

Notes


The function can be implemented with the return type different from std::valarray. In this case, the replacement type has the following properties:


      * All const member functions of std::valarray are provided.
      * std::valarray, std::slice_array, std::gslice_array, std::mask_array and std::indirect_array can be constructed from the replacement type.
      * All functions accepting an argument of type const std::valarray&
        except begin() and end()
        (since C++11) should also accept the replacement type.
      * All functions accepting two arguments of type const std::valarray& should accept every combination of const std::valarray& and the replacement type.
      * The return type does not add more than two levels of template nesting over the most deeply-nested argument type.

Example


calculates and prints the first 10 factorials
// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <valarray>
  #include <cmath>


  int main()
  {
      std::valarray<int> v = {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10};
      v = v.apply([](int n)->int {
                      return std::round(std::tgamma(n+1));
                  });
      for(auto n : v) {
          std::cout << n << ' ';
      }
      std::cout << '\n';
  }

Output:


  1 2 6 24 120 720 5040 40320 362880 3628800

See also


         applies a function to a range of elements
for_each (function template)