std::wcstof,std::wcstod,std::wcstold (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::wcstof,std::wcstod,std::wcstold: std::wcstof,std::wcstod,std::wcstold

NAME

std::wcstof,std::wcstod,std::wcstold - std::wcstof,std::wcstod,std::wcstold

Synopsis


Defined in header <cwchar>
float wcstof( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end ); (since C++11)
double wcstod( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end );
long double wcstold( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end ); (since C++11)


Interprets a floating point value in a wide string pointed to by str.
Function discards any whitespace characters (as determined by std::iswspace()) until first non-whitespace character is found. Then it takes as many characters as possible to form a valid floating-point representation and converts them to a floating-point value. The valid floating-point value can be one of the following:


* decimal floating-point expression. It consists of the following parts:


      * (optional) plus or minus sign
      * nonempty sequence of decimal digits optionally containing decimal-point character (as determined by the current C locale) (defines significand)
      * (optional) e or E followed with optional minus or plus sign and nonempty sequence of decimal digits (defines exponent)


* binary floating-point expression. It consists of the following parts:


      * (optional) plus or minus sign
      * 0x or 0X
      * nonempty sequence of hexadecimal digits optionally containing a decimal-point character (as determined by the current C locale) (defines significand)
      * (optional) p or P followed with optional minus or plus sign and nonempty sequence of decimal digits (defines exponent)


* infinity expression. It consists of the following parts:


      * (optional) plus or minus sign
      * INF or INFINITY ignoring case


* not-a-number expression. It consists of the following parts:


      * (optional) plus or minus sign
      * NAN or NAN(char_sequence) ignoring case of the NAN part. char_sequence can only contain digits, Latin letters, and underscores. The result is a quiet NaN floating-point value.


* any other expression that may be accepted by the currently installed C locale


The functions sets the pointer pointed to by str_end to point to the wide character past the last character interpreted. If str_end is NULL, it is ignored.

Parameters


str - pointer to the null-terminated wide string to be interpreted
str_end - pointer to a pointer to a wide character.

Return value


Floating point value corresponding to the contents of str on success. If the converted value falls out of range of corresponding return type, range error occurs and HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF or HUGE_VALL is returned. If no conversion can be performed, 0 is returned.

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <string>
  #include <cerrno>
  #include <cwchar>


  int main()
  {
      const wchar_t* p = L"111.11 -2.22 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6 1.18973e+4932zzz";
      wchar_t* end;
      std::wcout << "Parsing L\"" << p << "\":\n";
      for (double f = std::wcstod(p, &end); p != end; f = std::wcstod(p, &end))
      {
          std::wcout << "'" << std::wstring(p, end-p) << "' -> ";
          p = end;
          if (errno == ERANGE){
              std::wcout << "range error, got ";
              errno = 0;
          }
          std::wcout << f << '\n';
      }
  }

Output:


  Parsing L"111.11 -2.22 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6 1.18973e+4932zzz":
  '111.11' -> 111.11
  ' -2.22' -> -2.22
  ' 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6' -> 111.11
  ' 1.18973e+4932' -> range error, got inf

See also


strtof converts a byte string to a floating point value
strtod (function)
strtold