fputc (3p) - Linux Man Pages
fputc: put a byte on a stream
PROLOGThis manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
fputc - put a byte on a stream
The fputc() function shall write the byte specified by c (converted to an unsigned char) to the output stream pointed to by stream, at the position indicated by the associated file-position indicator for the stream (if defined), and shall advance the indicator appropriately. If the file cannot support positioning requests, or if the stream was opened with append mode, the byte shall be appended to the output stream.
The st_ctime and st_mtime fields of the file shall be marked for update between the successful execution of fputc() and the next successful completion of a call to fflush() or fclose() on the same stream or a call to exit() or abort().
Upon successful completion, fputc() shall return the value it has written. Otherwise, it shall return EOF, the error indicator for the stream shall be set, and errno shall be set to indicate the error.
The fputc() function shall fail if either the stream is unbuffered or the stream's buffer needs to be flushed, and:
- The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying stream and the process would be delayed in the write operation.
- The file descriptor underlying stream is not a valid file descriptor open for writing.
- An attempt was made to write to a file that exceeds the maximum file size.
- An attempt was made to write to a file that exceeds the process' file size limit.
- The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to write at or beyond the offset maximum.
- The write operation was terminated due to the receipt of a signal, and no data was transferred.
- A physical I/O error has occurred, or the process is a member of a background process group attempting to write to its controlling terminal, TOSTOP is set, the process is neither ignoring nor blocking SIGTTOU, and the process group of the process is orphaned. This error may also be returned under implementation-defined conditions.
- There was no free space remaining on the device containing the file.
attempt is made to write to a pipe or FIFO that is not open for reading
by any process. A SIGPIPE signal shall also be sent to the
The fputc() function may fail if:
- Insufficient storage space is available.
request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was outside
the capabilities of the device.
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .