lround (3p) - Linux Manuals
lround: round to nearest integer value
PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.NAME
lround, lroundf, lroundl - round to nearest integer value
SYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>
long lround(double x);
long lroundf(float x);
long lroundl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION
These functions shall round their argument to the nearest integer value, rounding halfway cases away from zero, regardless of the current rounding direction.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.
If x is NaN, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.
If x is +Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.
If x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.
If the correct value is positive and too large to represent as a long, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.
If the correct value is negative and too large to represent as a long, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if:
- Domain Error
- The x argument is NaN or ±Inf, or the correct value is not representable as an integer.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
RATIONALE
These functions differ from the lrint() functions in the default rounding direction, with the lround() functions rounding halfway cases away from zero and needing not to raise the inexact floating-point exception for non-integer arguments that round to within the range of the return type.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
SEE ALSO
feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), llround(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>