strfmon (3p) - Linux Man Pages
strfmon: convert monetary value to a string
PROLOGThis manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
strfmon - convert monetary value to a string
The strfmon() function shall place characters into the array pointed to by s as controlled by the string pointed to by format. No more than maxsize bytes are placed into the array.
The format is a character string, beginning and ending in its initial state, if any, that contains two types of objects: plain characters, which are simply copied to the output stream, and conversion specifications, each of which shall result in the fetching of zero or more arguments which are converted and formatted. The results are undefined if there are insufficient arguments for the format. If the format is exhausted while arguments remain, the excess arguments are simply ignored.
The application shall ensure that a conversion specification consists of the following sequence:
- A '%' character
- Optional flags
- Optional field width
- Optional left precision
- Optional right precision
- A required conversion specifier character that determines the conversion to be performed
One or more of the following optional flags can be specified to control the conversion:
- An '=' followed by a single character f which is used as the numeric fill character. In order to work with precision or width counts, the fill character shall be a single byte character; if not, the behavior is undefined. The default numeric fill character is the <space>. This flag does not affect field width filling which always uses the <space>. This flag is ignored unless a left precision (see below) is specified.
- Do not format the currency amount with grouping characters. The default is to insert the grouping characters if defined for the current locale.
- Specify the style of representing positive and negative currency amounts. Only one of '+' or '(' may be specified. If '+' is specified, the locale's equivalent of '+' and '-' are used (for example, in the U.S., the empty string if positive and '-' if negative). If '(' is specified, negative amounts are enclosed within parentheses. If neither flag is specified, the '+' style is used.
- Suppress the currency symbol from the output conversion.
- Specify the alignment. If this flag is present the result of the conversion is left-justified (padded to the right) rather than right-justified. This flag shall be ignored unless a field width (see below) is specified.
A decimal digit string w specifying a minimum field width in
bytes in which the result of the conversion is
right-justified (or left-justified if the flag '-' is specified).
The default is 0.
- A '#' followed by a decimal digit string n specifying a maximum number of digits expected to be formatted to the left of the radix character. This option can be used to keep the formatted output from multiple calls to the strfmon() function aligned in the same columns. It can also be used to fill unused positions with a special character as in "$***123.45" . This option causes an amount to be formatted as if it has the number of digits specified by n. If more than n digit positions are required, this conversion specification is ignored. Digit positions in excess of those actually required are filled with the numeric fill character (see the =f flag above).
If grouping has not been suppressed with the '^' flag, and it is defined for the current locale, grouping separators are inserted before the fill characters (if any) are added. Grouping separators are not applied to fill characters even if the fill character is a digit.
To ensure alignment, any characters appearing before or after the number in the formatted output such as currency or sign symbols are padded as necessary with <space>s to make their positive and negative formats an equal length.
A period followed by a decimal digit string p specifying the
number of digits after the radix character. If the value of
the right precision p is 0, no radix character appears. If a
right precision is not included, a default specified by the
current locale is used. The amount being formatted is rounded to the
specified number of digits prior to formatting.
Conversion Specifier Characters
The conversion specifier characters and their meanings are:
- The double argument is formatted according to the locale's international currency format (for example, in the U.S.: USD 1,234.56). If the argument is ±Inf or NaN, the result of the conversion is unspecified.
- The double argument is formatted according to the locale's national currency format (for example, in the U.S.: $1,234.56). If the argument is ±Inf or NaN, the result of the conversion is unspecified.
Convert to a '%' ; no argument is converted. The entire conversion
specification shall be %% .
The LC_MONETARY category of the program's locale affects the behavior of this function including the monetary radix character (which may be different from the numeric radix character affected by the LC_NUMERIC category), the grouping separator, the currency symbols, and formats. The international currency symbol should be conformant with the ISO 4217:1995 standard.
If the total number of resulting bytes including the terminating null byte is not more than maxsize, strfmon() shall return the number of bytes placed into the array pointed to by s, not including the terminating null byte. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned, the contents of the array are unspecified, and errno shall be set to indicate the error.
The strfmon() function shall fail if:
Conversion stopped due to lack of space in the buffer.
Given a locale for the U.S. and the values 123.45, -123.45, and 3456.781, the following output might be produced. Square brackets ( "" ) are used in this example to delimit the output.
%n [$123.45] Default formatting [-$123.45] [$3,456.78] %11n [ $123.45] Right align within an 11-character field [ -$123.45] [ $3,456.78] %#5n [ $ 123.45] Aligned columns for values up to 99999 [-$ 123.45] [ $ 3,456.78] %=*#5n [ $***123.45] Specify a fill character [-$***123.45] [ $*3,456.78] %=0#5n [ $000123.45] Fill characters do not use grouping [-$000123.45] even if the fill character is a digit [ $03,456.78] %^#5n [ $ 123.45] Disable the grouping separator [-$ 123.45] [ $ 3456.78] %^#5.0n [ $ 123] Round off to whole units [-$ 123] [ $ 3457] %^#5.4n [ $ 123.4500] Increase the precision [-$ 123.4500] [ $ 3456.7810] %(#5n [$ 123.45] Use an alternative pos/neg style [($ 123.45)] [$ 3,456.78] %!(#5n [ 123.45] Disable the currency symbol [( 123.45)] [ 3,456.78] %-14#5.4n [ $ 123.4500 ] Left-justify the output [-$ 123.4500 ] [ $ 3,456.7810 ] %14#5.4n [ $ 123.4500] Corresponding right-justified output [ -$ 123.4500] [ $ 3,456.7810]
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .