init-d-script (5) - Linux Man Pages

init-d-script: interpreter for short and simple init.d scripts

Debian

NAME

init-d-script - interpreter for short and simple init.d scripts

DESCRIPTION

Generic init.d script framework to reduce the redundant code in /etc/init.d/ The goal is to create an init.d script that is Debian and LSB compliant. When the Debian policy conflicts with the LSB, the Debian policy takes precedence.

This is a simple example on how init-d-script can be used to start and stop a daemon with PID file support:

#!/usr/bin/env /lib/init/init-d-script
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          atd
# Required-Start:    $syslog $time $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $syslog $time $remote_fs
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: run at jobs
# Description:       Debian init script to start the daemon
#                    running at jobs.
### END INIT INFO
DAEMON=/usr/sbin/atd

The following variables affect behaviour of an init script:

DAEMON
Path to daemon being started. If the init script is not supposed to start any kind of daemon, the functions Fn do_start_override , Fn do_stop_override and Fn do_status_override should be defined instead.
DAEMON_ARGS
Additional arguments, passed to daemon during start.
NAME
Additional environment variables are sources from /etc/default/${NAME} If unset, this variable defaults to the basename of the ``DAEMON '' value.
COMMAND_NAME
If this variable is set, it is used as argument to the --name option of start-stop-daemon8. It may be useful if the value of the NAME variable is too long.
PIDFILE
Path to file where the process identifier of the started daemon will be stored during start. If the value is verbatim ``none '' the process identifier will not be stored in any file. If this variable is not set, it gets a sensible default value, so it is rarely necessary to set this variable explicitly.

Additionally, it is possible to change the behaviour of the resulting shell script by overriding some of the internal functions. To do so, define function with an _override suffix. So, for example, to override the Fn do_status function, one should define a Fn do_status_override function. The exception to this rule is the Fn do_reload function, whose override should be defined as-is, without the above-mentioned suffix.

Here is a control flow chart that explains what functions are called and when:

/etc/init.d/script start
  do_start
    do_start_prepare # no-op
    do_start_cmd     # start-stop-daemon is called here
    do_start_cleanup # no-op

/etc/init.d/script stop
  do_stop
    do_stop_prepare # no-op
    do_stop_cmd     # start-stop-daemon is called here
    do_stop_cleanup # no-op

/etc/init.d/script status
  do_status

/etc/init.d/script reload
  do_reload
    do_usage
    exit 3

/etc/init.d/script force-reload
  do_force_reload
    do_reload   # if overridden
    do_restart
      do_restart_prepare
      do_stop_cmd
      do_start_cmd
      do_restart_cleanup

/etc/init.d/script restart
  do_force_restart
/etc/init.d/script try-restart
  if do_status; then
    do_restart
      do_restart_prepare
      do_stop_cmd  # start-stop-daemon is called here
      do_start_cmd # start-stop-daemon is called here
      do_restart_cleanup

/etc/init.d/script <arg>
  do_unknown <arg>
    exit 3

/etc/init.d/script
  do_usage

As can be seen, by default, the script does not support the reload action; it should be implemented by the script writer by defining a Fn do_reload function.

If the daemon performs reload action upon receiving a SIGUSR1 signal, a generic implementation can be used with the following code:

alias do_reload=do_reload_sigusr1

AUTHORS

An -nosplit An Petter Reinholdtsen Aq pere [at] debian.org

SEE ALSO

inittab(8), service(8), update-rc.d8.