nwgrant (8) - Linux Manuals

nwgrant: Add Trustee Rights to a directory


nwgrant - Add Trustee Rights to a directory


nwgrant [ -h ] [ -S server ] [ -U user name ] [ -P password | -n ] [ -C ] [ -o object name ] [ -t type ] [ -r rights ] file/directory


nwgrant adds the specified bindery object with the corresponding trustee rights to the directory.

nwgrant looks up the file $HOME/.nwclient to find a file server, a user name and possibly a password. See nwclient(5) for more information. Please note that the access permissions of $HOME/.nwclient MUST be 600 for security reasons.



-h is used to print out a short help text.

-S server

server is the name of the server you want to use.

-U user

user is the user name to use for login.

-P password

password is the password to use for login. If neither -n nor -P are given, and the user has no open connection to the server, nwgrant prompts for a password.


-n should be given if no password is required for the login.


By default, passwords are converted to uppercase before they are sent to the server, because most servers require this. You can turn off this conversion by -C.

-o object name

The name of the object to be added as trustee.

-t object type

The type of the object. Object type must be specified as a decimal value. Common values are 1 for user objects, 2 for group objects and 3 for print queues. Other values are allowed, but are usually used for specialized applications. If you do not specify object type, object name is taken as NDS name.

-r rights

You must tell nwgrant which rights it should grant to the bindery object. The new rights for the object is specified by rights, which can be either a hexadecimal number representing the sum of all the individual rights to be granted or a string containing characters representing each right. If rights are represented in string format then the string must be bounded with square brackets. Characters within the brackets may be in any order and in either case. Spaces are allowed between the brackets - in which case the entire string should be quoted. Hexadecimal and character values for the rights are shown in this table:

 00 no access
 01 read access        R
 02 write access       W
 08 create access      C
 10 delete access      E
 20 ownership access   A
 40 search access      F
 80 modify access      M
100 supervisory access S

for a possible total of "1fb" or "[SRWCEMFA]" for all rights.


You must specify the directory to which to add the object as trustee. This has to be done in fully qualified NetWare notation.


nwgrant -S NWSERVER -o linus -t 1 -r fb 'data:home\linus'

With this example, user linus is given all rights except supervisory to his home directory on the data volume. This example assumes the existence of the file $HOME/.nwclient.

nwgrant -o linus -t 1 -r fb /home/linus/ncpfs/data/home/linus

With this example, user linus is given all rights except supervisory to his home directory on the data volume. This example assumes that NWSERVER is already mounted on /home/linus/ncpfs mountpoint.


nwgrant was written by Volker Lendecke with the corresponding NetWare utility in mind. See the Changes file of ncpfs for other contributors.