grd2xyz (1) - Linux Man Pages
grd2xyz: Convert grid file to data table
NAMEgrd2xyz - Convert grid file to data table
grd2xyz grid [ [f|i] ] [ region ] [ [level] ] [ [weight] ] [ [flags] ] [ -bo<binary> ] [ -d<nodata> ] [ -f<flags> ] [ -ho[n] ] [ -o<flags> ] [ -s<flags> ]
grd2xyz reads one or more binary 2-D grid files and writes out xyz-triplets in ASCII [or binary] format to standard output. Modify the precision of the ASCII output format by editing the FORMAT_FLOAT_OUT parameter in your gmt.conf file or use --D_FORMAT=format on the command line, or choose binary output using single or double precision storage. As an option you may output z-values without the (x,y) coordinates; see -Z below.
- Names of 2-D binary grid files to be converted. (See GRID FILE FORMATS below.)
- Replace the x- and y-coordinates on output with the corresponding column and row numbers. These start at 0 (C-style counting); append f to start at 1 (Fortran-style counting). Alternatively, append i to write just the two columns index and z, where index is the 1-D indexing that GMT uses when referring to grid nodes.
- -R[unit]xmin/xmax/ymin/ymax[r] (more ...)
- Specify the region of interest. Using the -R option will select a subsection of the grid. If this subsection exceeds the boundaries of the grid, only the common region will be output.
- -V[level] (more ...)
- Select verbosity level [c].
- Write out x,y,z,w, where w is the supplied weight (or 1 if not supplied) [Default writes x,y,z only].
- Write a 1-column ASCII [or binary] table. Output will be organized according to the specified ordering convention contained in flags. If data should be written by rows, make flags start with T (op) if first row is y = ymax or B (ottom) if first row is y = ymin. Then, append L or R to indicate that first element should start at left or right end of row. Likewise for column formats: start with L or R to position first column, and then append T or B to position first element in a row. For gridline registered grids: If grid is periodic in x but the written data should not contain the (redundant) column at x = xmax, append x. For grid periodic in y, skip writing the redundant row at y = ymax by appending y. If the byte-order needs to be swapped, append w. Select one of several data types (all binary except a):
- a ASCII representation of a single item per record
- c int8_t, signed 1-byte character
- u uint8_t, unsigned 1-byte character
- h int16_t, short 2-byte integer
- H uint16_t, unsigned short 2-byte integer
- i int32_t, 4-byte integer
- I uint32_t, unsigned 4-byte integer
- l int64_t, long (8-byte) integer
- L uint64_t, unsigned long (8-byte) integer
- f 4-byte floating point single precision
d 8-byte floating point double precision
Default format is scanline orientation of ASCII numbers: -ZTLa. Note that -Z only applies to 1-column output.
- -bo[ncols][type] (more ...)
- Select native binary output. [Default is 3]. This option only applies to xyz output; see -Z for z table output.
- -d[i|o]nodata (more ...)
- Replace input columns that equal nodata with NaN and do the reverse on output.
- -f[i|o]colinfo (more ...)
- Specify data types of input and/or output columns. See also TIME COORDINATES below. -h Output 1 header record based on information in the first grid file header. Ignored if binary output is selected. [Default is no header].
- -ocols[,...] (more ...)
- Select output columns (0 is first column).
- -s[cols][a|r] (more ...)
- Set handling of NaN records.
- -^ or just -
- Print a short message about the syntax of the command, then exits (NOTE: on Windows use just -).
- -+ or just +
- Print an extensive usage (help) message, including the explanation of any module-specific option (but not the GMT common options), then exits.
- -? or no arguments
- Print a complete usage (help) message, including the explanation of options, then exits.
- Print GMT version and exit.
- Print full path to GMT share directory and exit.
ASCII FORMAT PRECISION
The ASCII output formats of numerical data are controlled by parameters in your gmt.conf file. Longitude and latitude are formatted according to FORMAT_GEO_OUT, whereas other values are formatted according to FORMAT_FLOAT_OUT. Be aware that the format in effect can lead to loss of precision in the output, which can lead to various problems downstream. If you find the output is not written with enough precision, consider switching to binary output (-bo if available) or specify more decimals using the FORMAT_FLOAT_OUT setting.
GRID FILE FORMATS
By default GMT writes out grid as single precision floats in a COARDS-complaint netCDF file format. However, GMT is able to produce grid files in many other commonly used grid file formats and also facilitates so called "packing" of grids, writing out floating point data as 1- or 2-byte integers. To specify the precision, scale and offset, the user should add the suffix =id[/scale/offset[/nan]], where id is a two-letter identifier of the grid type and precision, and scale and offset are optional scale factor and offset to be applied to all grid values, and nan is the value used to indicate missing data. In case the two characters id is not provided, as in =/scale than a id=nf is assumed. When reading grids, the format is generally automatically recognized. If not, the same suffix can be added to input grid file names. See grdconvert and Section grid-file-format of the GMT Technical Reference and Cookbook for more information.
When reading a netCDF file that contains multiple grids, GMT will read, by default, the first 2-dimensional grid that can find in that file. To coax GMT into reading another multi-dimensional variable in the grid file, append ?varname to the file name, where varname is the name of the variable. Note that you may need to escape the special meaning of ? in your shell program by putting a backslash in front of it, or by placing the filename and suffix between quotes or double quotes. The ?varname suffix can also be used for output grids to specify a variable name different from the default: "z". See grdconvert and Sections modifiers-for-CF and grid-file-format of the GMT Technical Reference and Cookbook for more information, particularly on how to read splices of 3-, 4-, or 5-dimensional grids.
Time coordinates in netCDF grids, be it the x, y, or z coordinate, will be recognized as such. The variable's unit attribute is parsed to determine the unit and epoch of the time coordinate in the grid. Values are then converted to the internal time system specified by TIME_UNIT and TIME_EPOCH in the gmt.conf file or on the command line. The default output is relative time in that time system, or absolute time when using the option -f0T, -f1T, or -f2T for x, y, or z coordinate, respectively.
To edit individual values in the 5' by 5' hawaii_grv.nc file, dump the .nc to ASCII:
gmt grd2xyz hawaii_grv.nc > hawaii_grv.xyz
To write a single precision binary file without the x,y positions from the file raw_data.nc file, using scanline orientation, run
gmt grd2xyz raw_data.nc -ZTLf > hawaii_grv.b
COPYRIGHT2015, P. Wessel, W. H. F. Smith, R. Scharroo, J. Luis, and F. Wobbe