Dpkg::Version (3) - Linux Manuals
Dpkg::Version: handling and comparing dpkg-style version numbers
Dpkg::Version - handling and comparing dpkg-style version numbers
DESCRIPTIONThe Dpkg::Version module provides pure-Perl routines to compare dpkg-style version numbers (as used in Debian packages) and also an object oriented interface overriding perl operators to do the right thing when you compare Dpkg::Version object between them.
- my $v = Dpkg::Version->new($version, %opts)
Create a new Dpkg::Version object corresponding to the version indicated in
the string (scalar) $version. By default it will accepts any string
and consider it as a valid version. If you pass the option ``check => 1'',
it will return undef if the version is invalid (see version_check for
You can always call $v->is_valid() later on to verify that the version is valid.
- boolean evaluation
- When the Dpkg::Version object is used in a boolean evaluation (for example in ``if ($v)'' or ``$v || 'default''') it returns its string representation if the version stored is valid ($v->is_valid()) and undef otherwise.
- Returns true if the version is valid, false otherwise.
- $v->epoch(), $v->version(), $v->revision()
- Returns the corresponding part of the full version string.
- Returns true if the version is native, false if it has a revision.
- $v1 <=> $v2, $v1 < $v2, $v1 <= $v2, $v1 > $v2, $v1 >= $v2
- Numerical comparison of various versions numbers. One of the two operands needs to be a Dpkg::Version, the other one can be anything provided that its string representation is a version number.
- "$v", $v->as_string(), $v->as_string(%options)
Accepts an optional option hash reference, affecting the string conversion.
- omit_epoch (defaults to 0)
- Omit the epoch, if present, in the output string.
- omit_revision (defaults to 0)
- Omit the revision, if present, in the output string.
Returns the string representation of the version number.
FUNCTIONSAll the functions are exported by default.
- version_compare($a, $b)
Returns -1 if $a is earlier than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a
is later than $b.
If $a or $b are not valid version numbers, it dies with an error.
- version_compare_relation($a, $rel, $b)
Returns the result (0 or 1) of the given comparison operation. This
function is implemented on top of version_compare().
Allowed values for $rel are the exported constants REL_GT, REL_GE, REL_EQ, REL_LE, REL_LT. Use version_normalize_relation() if you have an input string containing the operator.
- my $rel = version_normalize_relation($rel_string)
- Returns the normalized constant of the relation $rel (a value among REL_GT, REL_GE, REL_EQ, REL_LE and REL_LT). Supported relations names in input are: ``gt'', ``ge'', ``eq'', ``le'', ``lt'', ``>>'', ``>='', ``='', ``<='', ``<<''. ``>'' and ``<'' are also supported but should not be used as they are obsolete aliases of ``>='' and ``<=''.
- version_compare_string($a, $b)
String comparison function used for comparing non-numerical parts of version
numbers. Returns -1 if $a is earlier than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a
is later than $b.
The ``~'' character always sort lower than anything else. Digits sort lower than non-digits. Among remaining characters alphabetic characters (A-Za-z) sort lower than the other ones. Within each range, the ASCII decimal value of the character is used to sort between characters.
- version_compare_part($a, $b)
Compare two corresponding sub-parts of a version number (either upstream
version or debian revision).
Each parameter is split by version_split_digits() and resulting items are compared together. As soon as a difference happens, it returns -1 if $a is earlier than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a is later than $b.
- my @items = version_split_digits($version)
- Splits a string in items that are each entirely composed either of digits or of non-digits. For instance for ``1.024~beta1+svn234'' it would return (``1'', ``.'', ``024'', ``~beta'', ``1'', ``+svn'', ``234'').
- my ($ok, $msg) = version_check($version)
- my $ok = version_check($version)
- Checks the validity of $version as a version number. Returns 1 in $ok if the version is valid, 0 otherwise. In the latter case, $msg contains a description of the problem with the $version scalar.
Version 1.01New argument: Accept an options argument in $v->as_string().
Version 1.00Mark the module as public.
AUTHORDon Armstrong <don [at] donarmstrong.com>, Colin Watson <cjwatson [at] debian.org> and Raphaël Hertzog <hertzog [at] debian.org>, based on the implementation in dpkg/lib/version.c by Ian Jackson and others.