sggsvd.f (3) - Linux Manuals


sggsvd.f -



subroutine sggsvd (JOBU, JOBV, JOBQ, M, N, P, K, L, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHA, BETA, U, LDU, V, LDV, Q, LDQ, WORK, IWORK, INFO)
SGGSVD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices

Function/Subroutine Documentation

subroutine sggsvd (characterJOBU, characterJOBV, characterJOBQ, integerM, integerN, integerP, integerK, integerL, real, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, real, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, real, dimension( * )ALPHA, real, dimension( * )BETA, real, dimension( ldu, * )U, integerLDU, real, dimension( ldv, * )V, integerLDV, real, dimension( ldq, * )Q, integerLDQ, real, dimension( * )WORK, integer, dimension( * )IWORK, integerINFO)

SGGSVD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices


 SGGSVD computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)
 of an M-by-N real matrix A and P-by-N real matrix B:

       U**T*A*Q = D1*( 0 R ),    V**T*B*Q = D2*( 0 R )

 where U, V and Q are orthogonal matrices.
 Let K+L = the effective numerical rank of the matrix (A**T,B**T)**T,
 then R is a K+L-by-K+L nonsingular upper triangular matrix, D1 and
 D2 are M-by-(K+L) and P-by-(K+L) "diagonal" matrices and of the
 following structures, respectively:

 If M-K-L >= 0,

                     K  L
        D1 =     K ( I  0 )
                 L ( 0  C )
             M-K-L ( 0  0 )

                   K  L
        D2 =   L ( 0  S )
             P-L ( 0  0 )

                 N-K-L  K    L
   ( 0 R ) = K (  0   R11  R12 )
             L (  0    0   R22 )


   C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(K+L) ),
   S = diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(K+L) ),
   C**2 + S**2 = I.

   R is stored in A(1:K+L,N-K-L+1:N) on exit.

 If M-K-L < 0,

                   K M-K K+L-M
        D1 =   K ( I  0    0   )
             M-K ( 0  C    0   )

                     K M-K K+L-M
        D2 =   M-K ( 0  S    0  )
             K+L-M ( 0  0    I  )
               P-L ( 0  0    0  )

                    N-K-L  K   M-K  K+L-M
   ( 0 R ) =     K ( 0    R11  R12  R13  )
               M-K ( 0     0   R22  R23  )
             K+L-M ( 0     0    0   R33  )


   C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(M) ),
   S = diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(M) ),
   C**2 + S**2 = I.

   (R11 R12 R13 ) is stored in A(1:M, N-K-L+1:N), and R33 is stored
   ( 0  R22 R23 )
   in B(M-K+1:L,N+M-K-L+1:N) on exit.

 The routine computes C, S, R, and optionally the orthogonal
 transformation matrices U, V and Q.

 In particular, if B is an N-by-N nonsingular matrix, then the GSVD of
 A and B implicitly gives the SVD of A*inv(B):
                      A*inv(B) = U*(D1*inv(D2))*V**T.
 If ( A**T,B**T)**T  has orthonormal columns, then the GSVD of A and B is
 also equal to the CS decomposition of A and B. Furthermore, the GSVD
 can be used to derive the solution of the eigenvalue problem:
                      A**T*A x = lambda* B**T*B x.
 In some literature, the GSVD of A and B is presented in the form
                  U**T*A*X = ( 0 D1 ),   V**T*B*X = ( 0 D2 )
 where U and V are orthogonal and X is nonsingular, D1 and D2 are
 ``diagonal''.  The former GSVD form can be converted to the latter
 form by taking the nonsingular matrix X as

                      X = Q*( I   0    )
                            ( 0 inv(R) ).




          JOBU is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Orthogonal matrix U is computed;
          = 'N':  U is not computed.


          JOBV is CHARACTER*1
          = 'V':  Orthogonal matrix V is computed;
          = 'N':  V is not computed.


          JOBQ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'Q':  Orthogonal matrix Q is computed;
          = 'N':  Q is not computed.


          M is INTEGER
          The number of rows of the matrix A.  M >= 0.


          N is INTEGER
          The number of columns of the matrices A and B.  N >= 0.


          P is INTEGER
          The number of rows of the matrix B.  P >= 0.


          K is INTEGER


          L is INTEGER

          On exit, K and L specify the dimension of the subblocks
          described in Purpose.
          K + L = effective numerical rank of (A**T,B**T)**T.


          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the M-by-N matrix A.
          On exit, A contains the triangular matrix R, or part of R.
          See Purpose for details.


          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).


          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,N)
          On entry, the P-by-N matrix B.
          On exit, B contains the triangular matrix R if M-K-L < 0.
          See Purpose for details.


          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,P).


          ALPHA is REAL array, dimension (N)


          BETA is REAL array, dimension (N)

          On exit, ALPHA and BETA contain the generalized singular
          value pairs of A and B;
            ALPHA(1:K) = 1,
            BETA(1:K)  = 0,
          and if M-K-L >= 0,
            ALPHA(K+1:K+L) = C,
            BETA(K+1:K+L)  = S,
          or if M-K-L < 0,
            ALPHA(K+1:M)=C, ALPHA(M+1:K+L)=0
            BETA(K+1:M) =S, BETA(M+1:K+L) =1
            ALPHA(K+L+1:N) = 0
            BETA(K+L+1:N)  = 0


          U is REAL array, dimension (LDU,M)
          If JOBU = 'U', U contains the M-by-M orthogonal matrix U.
          If JOBU = 'N', U is not referenced.


          LDU is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= max(1,M) if
          JOBU = 'U'; LDU >= 1 otherwise.


          V is REAL array, dimension (LDV,P)
          If JOBV = 'V', V contains the P-by-P orthogonal matrix V.
          If JOBV = 'N', V is not referenced.


          LDV is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array V. LDV >= max(1,P) if
          JOBV = 'V'; LDV >= 1 otherwise.


          Q is REAL array, dimension (LDQ,N)
          If JOBQ = 'Q', Q contains the N-by-N orthogonal matrix Q.
          If JOBQ = 'N', Q is not referenced.


          LDQ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= max(1,N) if
          JOBQ = 'Q'; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.


          WORK is REAL array,
                      dimension (max(3*N,M,P)+N)


          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, IWORK stores the sorting information. More
          precisely, the following loop will sort ALPHA
             for I = K+1, min(M,K+L)
                 swap ALPHA(I) and ALPHA(IWORK(I))
          such that ALPHA(1) >= ALPHA(2) >= ... >= ALPHA(N).


          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
          > 0:  if INFO = 1, the Jacobi-type procedure failed to
                converge.  For further details, see subroutine STGSJA.


Internal Parameters:

          TOLA and TOLB are the thresholds to determine the effective
          rank of (A**T,B**T)**T. Generally, they are set to
                   TOLA = MAX(M,N)*norm(A)*MACHEPS,
                   TOLB = MAX(P,N)*norm(B)*MACHEPS.
          The size of TOLA and TOLB may affect the size of backward
          errors of the decomposition.



Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.


November 2011


Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Definition at line 331 of file sggsvd.f.


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