std::deque<T,Allocator>::emplace_back (3) - Linux Manuals

std::deque<T,Allocator>::emplace_back: std::deque<T,Allocator>::emplace_back


std::deque<T,Allocator>::emplace_back - std::deque<T,Allocator>::emplace_back


template< class... Args > (since C++11)
void emplace_back( Args&&... args ); (until C++17)
template< class... Args > (since C++17)
reference emplace_back( Args&&... args );

Appends a new element to the end of the container. The element is constructed through std::allocator_traits::construct, which typically uses placement-new to construct the element in-place at the location provided by the container. The arguments args... are forwarded to the constructor as std::forward<Args>(args)....
All iterators, including the past-the-end iterator, are invalidated. No references are invalidated.


args - arguments to forward to the constructor of the element

Type requirements

T (the container's element type) must meet the requirements of EmplaceConstructible.

Return value

(none) (until C++17)
A reference to the inserted element. (since C++17)




If an exception is thrown, this function has no effect (strong exception guarantee).


The following code uses emplace_back to append an object of type President to a std::deque. It demonstrates how emplace_back forwards parameters to the President constructor and shows how using emplace_back avoids the extra copy or move operation required when using push_back.
// Run this code

  #include <deque>
  #include <string>
  #include <iostream>

  struct President
      std::string name;
      std::string country;
      int year;

      President(std::string p_name, std::string p_country, int p_year)
          : name(std::move(p_name)), country(std::move(p_country)), year(p_year)
          std::cout << "I am being constructed.\n";
      President(President&& other)
          : name(std::move(, country(std::move(, year(other.year)
          std::cout << "I am being moved.\n";
      President& operator=(const President& other) = default;

  int main()
      std::deque<President> elections;
      std::cout << "emplace_back:\n";
      elections.emplace_back("Nelson Mandela", "South Africa", 1994);

      std::deque<President> reElections;
      std::cout << "\npush_back:\n";
      reElections.push_back(President("Franklin Delano Roosevelt", "the USA", 1936));

      std::cout << "\nContents:\n";
      for (President const& president: elections) {
          std::cout << << " was elected president of "
                    << << " in " << president.year << ".\n";
      for (President const& president: reElections) {
          std::cout << << " was re-elected president of "
                    << << " in " << president.year << ".\n";


  I am being constructed.

  I am being constructed.
  I am being moved.

See also

          adds an element to the end
push_back (public member function)