std::future<T>::wait_until (3) - Linux Manuals

std::future<T>::wait_until: std::future<T>::wait_until


std::future<T>::wait_until - std::future<T>::wait_until


template< class Clock, class Duration > (since C++11)
std::future_status wait_until( const std::chrono::time_point<Clock,Duration>& timeout_time ) const;

wait_until waits for a result to become available. It blocks until specified timeout_time has been reached or the result becomes available, whichever comes first. The return value indicates why wait_until returned.
The behavior is undefined if valid()== false before the call to this function.


timeout_time - maximum time point to block until

Return value

Constant Explanation
future_status::deferred The function to calculate the result has not been started yet
future_status::ready The result is ready
future_status::timeout The timeout has expired


Any exception thrown by clock, time_point, or duration during the execution (clocks, time points, and durations provided by the standard library never throw)


The implementations are encouraged to detect the case when valid == false before the call and throw a future_error with an error condition of future_errc::no_state.
The clock tied to timeout_time is used, which is not required to be a monotonic clock.There are no guarantees regarding the behavior of this function if the clock is adjusted discontinuously, but the existing implementations convert timeout_time from Clock to std::chrono::system_clock and delegate to POSIX pthread_cond_timedwait so that the wait honors ajustments to the system clock, but not to the the user-provided Clock. In any case, the function also may wait for longer than until after timeout_time has been reached due to scheduling or resource contention delays.


// Run this code

  #include <iostream>
  #include <future>
  #include <thread>
  #include <chrono>

  int main()
      std::chrono::system_clock::time_point two_seconds_passed
          = std::chrono::system_clock::now() + std::chrono::seconds(2);

      // Make a future that that takes 1 second to completed
      std::promise<int> p1;
      std::future<int> f_completes = p1.get_future();
      std::thread([](std::promise<int> p1)

      // Make a future that that takes 5 seconds to completed
      std::promise<int> p2;
      std::future<int> f_times_out = p2.get_future();
      std::thread([](std::promise<int> p2)

      std::cout << "Waiting for 2 seconds..." << std::endl;

      if(std::future_status::ready == f_completes.wait_until(two_seconds_passed))
          { std::cout << "f_completes: " << f_completes.get() << "\n"; }
          { std::cout << "f_completes did not complete!\n"; }

      if(std::future_status::ready == f_times_out.wait_until(two_seconds_passed))
          { std::cout << "f_times_out: " << f_times_out.get() << "\n"; }
          { std::cout << "f_times_out did not complete!\n"; }

      std::cout << "Done!\n";

Possible output:

  Waiting for 2 seconds...
  f_completes: 9
  f_times_out did not complete!

See also

         waits for the result to become available
wait (public member function)
         waits for the result, returns if it is not available for the specified timeout duration
wait_for (public member function)