# std::sqrt(std::complex) (3) - Linux Manuals

## NAME

std::sqrt(std::complex) - std::sqrt(std::complex)

## Synopsis

template< class T >
complex<T> sqrt( const complex<T>& z );

Computes the square root of the complex number z with a branch cut along the negative real axis.

## Parameters

z - complex number to take the square root of

## Return value

If no errors occur, returns the square root of z, in the range of the right half-plane, including the imaginary axis ([0; +∞) along the real axis and (−∞; +∞) along the imaginary axis.)

Error handling and special values

Errors are reported consistent with math_errhandling
If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic,

* The function is continuous onto the branch cut taking into account the sign of imaginary part
* std::sqrt(std::conj(z)) == std::conj(std::sqrt(z))
* If z is (±0,+0), the result is (+0,+0)
* If z is (x,+∞), the result is (+∞,+∞) even if x is NaN
* If z is (x,NaN), the result is (NaN,NaN) (unless x is ±∞) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (-∞,y), the result is (+0,+∞) for finite positive y
* If z is (+∞,y), the result is (+∞,+0) for finite positive y
* If z is (-∞,NaN), the result is (NaN,∞) (sign of imaginary part unspecified)
* If z is (+∞,NaN), the result is (+∞,NaN)
* If z is (NaN,y), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (NaN,NaN), the result is (NaN,NaN)

## Notes

The semantics of this function are intended to be consistent with the C function csqrt.

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG_2597 C++98 specification mishandles signed zero imaginary parts erroneous requirement removed

## Example

// Run this code

#include <iostream>
#include <complex>

int main()
{
std::cout << "Square root of -4 is "
<< std::sqrt(std::complex<double>(-4, 0)) << '\n'
<< "Square root of (-4,-0), the other side of the cut, is "
<< std::sqrt(std::complex<double>(-4, -0.0)) << '\n';
}

## Output:

Square root of -4 is (0,2)
Square root of (-4,-0), the other side of the cut, is (0,-2)

complex power, one or both arguments may be a complex number
pow(std::complex) (function template)

sqrt
sqrtf computes square root (
sqrtl √
x)
(function)
(C++11)
(C++11)
applies the function std::sqrt to each element of valarray
sqrt(std::valarray) (function template)