pthread_setschedparam (3p) - Linux Manuals

pthread_setschedparam: dynamic thread scheduling


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.


pthread_getschedparam, pthread_setschedparam - dynamic thread scheduling parameters access (REALTIME THREADS)


#include <pthread.h>

int pthread_getschedparam(pthread_t thread, int *restrict policy,
       struct sched_param *restrict
int pthread_setschedparam(pthread_t
thread, int policy,
       const struct sched_param *


The pthread_getschedparam() and pthread_setschedparam() functions shall, respectively, get and set the scheduling policy and parameters of individual threads within a multi-threaded process to be retrieved and set. For SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR, the only required member of the sched_param structure is the priority sched_priority. For SCHED_OTHER, the affected scheduling parameters are implementation-defined.

The pthread_getschedparam() function shall retrieve the scheduling policy and scheduling parameters for the thread whose thread ID is given by thread and shall store those values in policy and param, respectively. The priority value returned from pthread_getschedparam() shall be the value specified by the most recent pthread_setschedparam(), pthread_setschedprio(), or pthread_create() call affecting the target thread. It shall not reflect any temporary adjustments to its priority as a result of any priority inheritance or ceiling functions. The pthread_setschedparam() function shall set the scheduling policy and associated scheduling parameters for the thread whose thread ID is given by thread to the policy and associated parameters provided in policy and param, respectively.

The policy parameter may have the value SCHED_OTHER, SCHED_FIFO, or SCHED_RR. The scheduling parameters for the SCHED_OTHER policy are implementation-defined. The SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR policies shall have a single scheduling parameter, priority.

If _POSIX_THREAD_SPORADIC_SERVER is defined, then the policy argument may have the value SCHED_SPORADIC, with the exception for the pthread_setschedparam() function that if the scheduling policy was not SCHED_SPORADIC at the time of the call, it is implementation-defined whether the function is supported; in other words, the implementation need not allow the application to dynamically change the scheduling policy to SCHED_SPORADIC. The sporadic server scheduling policy has the associated parameters sched_ss_low_priority, sched_ss_repl_period, sched_ss_init_budget, sched_priority, and sched_ss_max_repl. The specified sched_ss_repl_period shall be greater than or equal to the specified sched_ss_init_budget for the function to succeed; if it is not, then the function shall fail. The value of sched_ss_max_repl shall be within the inclusive range [1, {SS_REPL_MAX}] for the function to succeed; if not, the function shall fail.

If the pthread_setschedparam() function fails, the scheduling parameters shall not be changed for the target thread.


If successful, the pthread_getschedparam() and pthread_setschedparam() functions shall return zero; otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.


The pthread_getschedparam() function may fail if:

The value specified by thread does not refer to an existing thread.

The pthread_setschedparam() function may fail if:

The value specified by policy or one of the scheduling parameters associated with the scheduling policy policy is invalid.
An attempt was made to set the policy or scheduling parameters to an unsupported value.
An attempt was made to dynamically change the scheduling policy to SCHED_SPORADIC, and the implementation does not support this change.
The caller does not have the appropriate permission to set either the scheduling parameters or the scheduling policy of the specified thread.
The implementation does not allow the application to modify one of the parameters to the value specified.
The value specified by thread does not refer to a existing thread.

These functions shall not return an error code of [EINTR].

The following sections are informative.










Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .


pthread_setschedprio(), sched_getparam(), sched_getscheduler(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <pthread.h>, <sched.h>