remquo (3p) - Linux Manuals
remquo: remainder functions
PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.NAME
remquo, remquof, remquol - remainder functions
SYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>
double remquo(double x, double y, int *quo);
float remquof(float x, float y, int *quo);
long double remquol(long double x, long double y,
int *quo);
DESCRIPTION
The remquo(), remquof(), and remquol() functions shall compute the same remainder as the remainder(), remainderf(), and remainderl() functions, respectively. In the object pointed to by quo, they store a value whose sign is the sign of x/ y and whose magnitude is congruent modulo 2**n to the magnitude of the integral quotient of x/ y, where n is an implementation-defined integer greater than or equal to 3.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
These functions shall return x REM y.
If x or y is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf or y is zero and the other argument is non-NaN, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if:
- Domain Error
- The x argument is ±Inf, or the y argument is ±0 and the other argument is non-NaN.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
RATIONALE
These functions are intended for implementing argument reductions which can exploit a few low-order bits of the quotient. Note that x may be so large in magnitude relative to y that an exact representation of the quotient is not practical.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
SEE ALSO
feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), remainder(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>